The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to maintain world peace and security.
Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.
NATO and Warsaw Pact
NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.
1950 - 1953
Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacemaking.
Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.
Suez Canal Crisis
First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.
Nobel Peace Prize
Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Price.
Avro Arrow Cancelled
Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. The Arrow was a state-of-the-art supersonic jet aircraft.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. He appealed to Canadian nationalism, including Canada’s right to decide for itself on international matters. He disagreed with America’s opinion about having nuclear weapons, which means his movement was anti-nuclear movement.
Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus. Cyprus is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean.
1965 - 1973
Prime Minister Pearson criticized Operation Rolling Thunder—the name of the U.S. bombing campaign of North Vietnam—in a speech at a university in Philadelphia.
The recognition of Communist China
Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).
Visiting of Communist China
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.
Visiting of Communist Cuba
Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba.
Falling of Berlin Wall
Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the Cold War in Europe was over.
Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacekeeping.
Soviet Union Breaks Down
Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.
Bosnia and Croatia
1992 - 1995
This region was in fighting. The U.N. peacekeepers could not keep peace. Frustrated by the failure of the United Nations to control the situation, the countries of NATO threatened to take steps to end the fighting.
One night, members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager found wandering in the Canadian base camp. During the night, the teen was tortured and beaten to death because of racism. This event tarnished Canada’s peacekeeping reputation.
Civil War and Chaos in Haiti
1993 - 1997
Canada sends soldiers and later police.
1994 - 1995
The world was horrified to learn of a massive wave of killing in Rwanda. Within a few weeks, close to a million people had died, including many women, old people, and babies.