Canada in post war

Events

The spy of Soviet Union of a criminal

1945

Soviet spy Igor Gouzenko defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

The United Nations was created

Approx. Jun 1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to prevent another global conflict

Canada sent troops to Korea

1949

NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Treaty Organization in 1955.

The establishment of the NATO

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacekeeping_________.

Lester Pearson become the president of Canada

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Suez War

1956

Suez, Egypt: First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Lwater Pearson win campaign

1957

Lester Pearson wins the election and became the Canada’s Prime Minister.________________________________.

Canada's Avro Arrow jet plane

1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project. What was the Arrow?
It’s the art of Canada’s supersonic aircraft. It was at the forefront for technology at the time

Cuban Missile Crisis

1962

Cuban Missile Crisis: The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war. How did Prime Minister Diefenbaker respond? _ Diefenbaker refused to place Canada’s NORAD forces on alert, nor did t allow for U.S planes with nuclear weapons to land at Canadian bases.
He based his decision of not drawing Canada into the U.S’s policy and interests._______________________________________________________________

Canada participates in a U.N

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus. Describe Cyprus’ location (use an atlas). _Cyprus is a country which is between Asia and Europe . It’s a country on an island.
http://tse2.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.M39edba78a170721007a066e4c877ea98o0&w=249&h=80&c=7&rs=1&qlt=90&o=4&pid=1.1

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Vietnam War: What did Prime Minister Pearson think of the US policy in Vietnam?
Canadian business sold boots, airplane engines, and explosives to the U.S defense department
Still viewed communism as a real threat
Canadians were not overly convinced that U.S intervention in Vietnam was a wise move.

Communication about Canada with China

1970

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

Communication about Canada with China

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cubahttp://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M76ff09f0c6995ef6d15f5bc3f0807080o0&w=300&h=202&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0

Berlin Wall comes down

1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the East and West German is reunited.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.Mbc01b8cf5484a84517e020c9b63ada17o0&w=243&h=195&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0

Dissolution of the Soviet Union

1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Gulf War

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacekeeping

Somalia affair

1992

Somalia: what happened to tarnish Canada’s Peacekeeping reputation? 3. One night, members of the Canadian Airborne Regiment arrested a Somali teenager found wandering in the Canadian base camp. During the night, the teen was tortured and beaten to death.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.M2e45b401f8b4f88dafdb9fb7d8acf605o0&w=218&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

Bosnia and Croatia: Describe the problems in this region: In 1992, Croatia became an independent country and separate from Yugoslavia , it was in the war with Serbia.http://tse4.mm.bing.net/th?id=OIP.Mc092f618c8d42b68b71b1ca2c4566e40H0&pid=15.1

Civil war and chaos in Haiti

1993 - 1997

Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.

Rwanda

1994 - 1995

Rwanda: describe the disaster in Rwanda. __________________________________
This small central African country was torn apart by ethnic rivalries, massive killings were happened in Rwanda.http://tse1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=OIP.Mbb6ac90a9ce19f902d12afce21d27d9eo0&w=300&h=150&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0&r=0