Social 11: Cold War Timeline

Events

Soviet Spy

1945

Soviet spy operate defects to Canada and exposes a Russian spy ring in Canada.

UN created

June 1945

The United Nations is created in San Francisco. Canada is one of the original members to sign the Charter. The original goal of the UN was to against aggressor nations.

NATO and Warsaw Pact

1949

NATO – the North Atlantic Treaty Organization – is created as a military defense alliance because of fears created by the Cold War with Russia and its allies. In response The Eastern Bloc countries sign Warsaw Pact in 1955.

Korea war

1950 - 1953

Korea: Canada sends 27, 000 troops to the Korean War in a United Nations-supported military action. This was peacemaking.

Lester Pearson

1952

Lester Pearson becomes Canada’s ambassador to the United Nations.

Suez, Egypt

1956

First U.N. peacekeeping troops, negotiated by Lester Pearson, prevents war.

Nobel Peace Prize

1957

Lester Pearson wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

Avro Arrow

1959

Diefenbaker’s Conservatives cancel the Avro Arrow project.

Cuban Missile Crisis

October 14, 1962 - October 28, 1962

The U.S. and Soviet Union come close to nuclear war.
UN sent a fact finding mission to Cuba. Implied that he did not believed the US photo

peacekeeping mission to Cyprus

1964

Canada participates in a U.N. peacekeeping mission to Cyprus. Describe Cyprus’ location (use an atlas).
Cyprus is in southern Europe

Vietnam War

1965 - 1973

Vietnam War started to exit from the support of the US, become independent and
ignorant liberals

Communist China

1970

Trudeau’s government officially recognizes Communist China (rather than Taiwan).

visit Chian

1973

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist China on a peace mission.

visit Cuba

1976

Pierre Trudeau visits Communist Cuba

Berlin wall

1989

Berlin Wall comes down, symbolizing the unit of the East and West German.

Sovit dissoveled

1991

Soviet Union dissolves into 15 countries.

Peacekeeping

1991

Canada sends troops to support the U.S. in the Gulf War against Iraq. This action was Peacekeeping.

Bosnia and Croatia

1992 - 1995

Canadians was failed to keep peace in this area that NATO threatened to take steps to end of the fighting

Somalia

1992

Canadians troops tortured and killed the kids in the Canadian base camps

Civil war

1993 - 1997

Civil war and chaos in Haiti: Canada sends soldiers and later police.

Rwanda

1994 - 1995

UN trying to send troops to Rwanda to appease the slaughter, but failed and being killed a lot people there.