The Gilded Age

Events

13th Amendment ended slavery in the United States

1865

14th Amendment stated that no person could not be denied equal protection, due process, or citizenship to all born or naturalized in the United States

1866

Civil Rights Act granted former slaves the rights to property, testify in court, and make contracts

1866

15th Amendment stated that the right to vote may not be denied on basis of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

1869

Enforcement Acts authorized federal prosecutions, military intervention, and martial law to protect against terrorist activities

1870

Yellowstone -the first national park- is signed into law

1872

Panic of 1873 spurred by over borrowing for railroad construction

1873

Grangers joined labor advocates into a national political movement called the Greenback Labor Party

1873

"Crime of 1873" occurred when the nation returned to the gold standard and went into a deflation

1873

National league launches professional baseball

1876

Reconstruction in the south ends

1877

The Great Railroad strike protested wage cuts during economic depression

1877

Chinese Exclusion Act forbid the entrance of the Chinese into the country

1882

Pendleton Civil Service Act required competitive exams for some federal jobs

1883

Congress passed Dawes Severalty Act that provided that reservation land be divided into individual family farms

1887

Interstate Commerce Act stated railroad rates must be reasonable and just; created first regulatory agency

1887

Sherman Anti-Trust Act banned any business combination which held a monopoly over interstate trade

1890

Indian Massacre that marked the end of all armed Indian resistance

1890

Homestead Strike was a 5 month strike against Carnegie's Homestead Steel Mill regarding rent and wages

1892

Curtis Act dissolved Indian territory

1898

Popularity of Ragtime music rose

1900