AP Euro Periods 1 & 2

The Renaissance

Italian City-States and Communes

Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1861

The Black Death

1347 - 1350

The Medici Family

1434 - 1737

powerful banking family tat ruled florence

rule of The Medici Family

1434

invention of printing press (guttenberg)

1440

beginning of Humanism

Approx. 1450

Leonardo da Vinci

1452 - 1519

Pico della Mirandola

1463 - 1494

Desiderus Erasmus

1466 - 1536

Nicolo Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Albrecht Durer

1471 - 1528

Michelangelo

1475 - 1564

Thomas More

1478 - 1535

Girolamo Savonarola

1494 - 1498

new monarchs

1500

Charles VIII of Spain, Henry VII/VIII of England, Ferdinand/Isabella of Spain

Charles V

1500 - 1558

papacy of Pope Julius II

1503 - 1513

The Reformation

Johann Tetzel

1465 - 1519

Ulrich Zwingli

1481 - 1531

Martin Luther

1483

Thomas Cranmer

1489 - 1556

Ignatius of Loyola

1491 - 1556

John Calvin

1504 - 1564

John Knox

1505 - 1572

reign of Henry VIII

1509 - 1547

Teresa of Avila

1515 - 1582

95 Theses

1517

Diet of Worms

1521

The German Pesants' War

1525

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Peace of Augsburg

1555

reign of Philip II

1556 - 1598

reign of Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

1572

Spanish Armada

1588

Henry IV

1589 - 1610

Edict of Nantes

1598

regin of Gustavus Adolphus

1611 - 1632

reign of Ferdinand II

1617 - 1637

Defenestration of Prague

1618

Peace of Westphalia

1648

The Age of Exploration

Prince Henry the Navigator

1394 - 1460

Bartholomew Dias

1450 - 1500

Francisco Pizarro

1475 - 1541

Hernando Cortez

1485 - 1547

voyage of Christopher Columbus

1492

The Columbian Exchange

1492

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

voyage of Vasco de Gama

1497 - 1499

encomienda system

1512

voyage of Ferdinand Magellan

1519

Bartolome de las Casas

1542

Philip II

1556 - 1598

Absolutism and Constitutionalism

Ivan the Terrible

1533 - 1584

Cardinal Richelieu

1585 - 1642

Time of Troubles

1598 - 1613

Cardinal Mazarin

1602 - 1661

Frederick William I

1620 - 1688

Charles I

1625 - 1649

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Political philosopher that stated that people have the right to revolt in time of a tyrannic government

The Long Parliament

1640 - 1660

The English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Austrian Habsburgs

Approx. 1648

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

The Restoration

1660

Peter the Great

1682 - 1725

Versailles

1682

James II

1685 - 1688

William and Mary

1688 - 1702

The Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

Cossacks

Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1900

end of Boyar dominance in Russia

Approx. 1700

Junkers

Approx. 1700

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Peace of Utrecht

1713

Age of Enlightenment

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Political philosopher that stated that people need government in order to act civil

Montesquieu

1689 - 1755

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Enlighteed Despotism

1700 - 1800

leaders used elightened ideas and principles to enhance their power

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Maria Theresa

1717 - 1780

Catherine the Great

1729 - 1796

Cesare Beccaria

1738 - 1794

Frederick the Great

1740 - 1786

king of prussia. longest reign of any Hohenzollern king. He lead prussia to become a leading military power

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Mary Wollstonecraft

1749 - 1797

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773

Joseph II

1780 - 1790

The French Revolution

Robert Walpole

1676 - 1745

The first Prime Minister of England, he governed England when the weak Hanoverian monarchs excercised little real power.

Edmund Burke

1729 - 1797

Abbe Sieyes

1748 - 1836

Wrote "What is the 3rd Estate?" Helped establish the 3rd Estate as the National Assembly. Eventually supported Napoleon's rise power.

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

A war between France and England that added debt in both countries, making the government unpopular and causing revolutions in Europe and America

Marquis de Lafayette

9/6/1757 - 5/20/1834

Robespierre

1758 - 1794

Treaty of Paris

1763

End of the 7 Years' War

Jacobin Club

1789 - 1794

Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

1789

The Great Fear

1789

National Assembly

1789

The legislative body formed by the Third Estate at the beginning of the French Revolution

The Declaration of the Rights of Man

1789

Introduced by the National Assembly, it decreed that all men are free/equal, that everyone had the natural rights to liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression. It also allowed freeom of religion, speech, press, petion of government, and freedom from arbitrary arrest.

The National Assembly

1789

French legislature formed by the 3rd Estate at the beginning of the Revolution.

Estates General

1789

Assembly of the 3 Estates in France. Each Estate had one vote, prompting the 3rd Estate to form the National Assembly. Also weakened Louis XVI

Girondists

Approx. 10/1/1789 - Approx. 10/1/1793

Olympe de Gouges

1791

Publication of Declaration of the Rights of Women

The Reign of Terror

1793

The Committee on Public

1793 - 1794

The Directory

1794 - 1799

Thermidorian Reaction

7/27/1794

The Grand Empire

Approx. 1799

Napoleon Bonaparte

1799 - 1815

Napoleonic Code

1804

The German Confederation of the Rhine

1806

Louis XVII

1814 - 1824