The History of Music

Events

John Dunstaple

Approx. 1390 - December 24, 1453

He was an English composer of polyphonic music of the late medieval era and early Renaissance periods. He was one of the most famous composers active in the early 15th century, a near-contemporary of Leonel Power, and was widely influential, not only in England but on the continent, especially in the developing style of the Burgundian School.

Guillaume Dufay

August 5, 1397 - November 27, 1474

He was a Franco-Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. A central figure in the Burgundian School, he was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the leading composers in Europe in the mid-15th century.

Johannes Ockeghem

Approx. 1410 - February 6, 1497

He was the most famous composer of the Franco-Flemish School in the last half of the 15th century, and is often considered the most influential composer between Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez. In addition to being a renowned composer, he was also an honored singer, choirmaster, and teacher.

Invention of the Printing Press by J.Gutemberg

1440

Josquin Des Prez

Approx. 1450 - August 27, 1521

Often referred to simply as Josquin, he was a Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance. His original name is sometimes given as Josquin Lebloitte and his later name is given under a wide variety of spellings in French, Italian, and Latin, including Iosquinus Pratensis and Iodocus a Prato.

Juan de Encina

July 12, 1468 - Approx. 1529

He was a composer, poet and playwright, often called the founder, along with Gil Vicente, of Spanish drama. His name at birth was Juan de Fermoselle.

Clement Janequin

Approx. 1485 - Approx. 1558

He was a French composer of the Renaissance. He was one of the most famous composers of popular chansons of the entire Renaissance, and along with Claudin de Sermisy, was hugely influential in the development of the Parisian chanson, especially the programmatic type. The wide spread of his fame was made possible by the concurrent development of music printing.

Ludwig Senfl

Approx. 1486 - Approx. 1542

He was a Swiss composer of the Renaissance, active in Germany. He was the most famous pupil of Heinrich Isaac, was music director to the court of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, and was an influential figure in the development of the Franco-Flemish polyphonic style in Germany.

Claudin de Sermisy

Approx. 1490 - October 13, 1562

He was a French composer of the Renaissance. Along with Clément Janequin he was one of the most renowned composers of French chansons in the early 16th century; in addition he was a significant composer of sacred music. His music was both influential on, and influenced by, contemporary Italian styles.

Christopher Columbus discovered America

1492

Luis de Narváez

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1555

He was a Spanish composer and vihuelist. Highly regarded during his lifetime, Narváez is known today for Los seys libros del delphín, a collection of polyphonic music for the vihuela which includes the earliest known variation sets.

Cristobal de Morales

Approx. 1500 - Approx. 1553

He was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He is generally considered to be the most influential Spanish composer before Victoria.

Andrea Amati

1505 - December 26, 1577

He was a luthier, from Cremona, Italy. Amati is credited with making the first instruments of the violin family that are in the form we use today.

Antonio de Cabezon

March 30, 1510 - March 26, 1566

He was a Spanish Renaissance composer and organist. Blind from childhood, he quickly rose to prominence as a performer and was eventually employed by the royal family. He was among the most important composers of his time and the first major Iberian keyboard composer.

Publication of Martin Luther's theses

1517

Da Palestina

September 30, 1525 - February 2, 1594

He was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. He had a lasting influence on the development of church music, and his work has often been seen as the culmination of Renaissance polyphony.

Francisco Guerrero

October 4, 1528 - November 8, 1599

He was a Spanish composer of the Renaissance. He was born and died in Seville.

Henry vIII became Supreme Head of the Church of England

1531

Trento's Council

1545

Tomas Luis de Victoria

Approx. 1548 - August 27, 1611

He was the most famous composer in 16th-century Spain, and was one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer as well as a Catholic priest. However, he preferred the life of a composer to that of a performer.

Monteverdi

May 15, 1567 - November 27, 1643

He was an Italian composer, gambist, singer, and Catholic priest. Monteverdi is considered a crucial transitional figure between the Renaissance and the Baroque periods of music history.