Political Developments in the 1st 2 Periods of AP Euro

Renaissance

Italian City-States and Communes

Approx. 1300 - Approx. 1861

The Medici Family

1434 - 1737

powerful banking family that ruled florence

Humanism

Approx. 1450

Reformation

Henry IV

1589 - 1610

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Absolutism and Constitutionalism

Ivan the Terrible

1533 - 1584

Cardinal Richelieu

1585 - 1642

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Time of Troubles

1598 - 1613

Cardinal Mazarin

1602 - 1661

Frederick William I

1620 - 1688

Charles I

1625 - 1649

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Political philosopher that stated that people have the right to revolt in time of a tyrannic government

The Long Parliament

1640 - 1660

The English Civil War

1642 - 1649

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

The Fronde

1648 - 1653

Austrian Habsburgs

Approx. 1648

Oliver Cromwell

1653 - 1658

The Restoration

1660

Peter the Great

1682 - 1725

Versailles

1682

James II

1685 - 1688

William and Mary

1688 - 1702

The Glorious Revolution

1688 - 1689

Cossacks

Approx. 1700 - Approx. 1900

end of Boyar dominance in Russia

Approx. 1700

Junkers

Approx. 1700

War of Spanish Succession

1701 - 1714

Peace of Utrecht

1713

Age of Enlightenment

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

Political philosopher that stated that people need government in order to act civil

Robert Walpole

1676 - 1745

Montesquieu

1689 - 1755

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Enlighteed Despotism

1700 - 1800

leaders used elightened ideas and principles to enhance their power

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

1712 - 1778

Maria Theresa

1717 - 1780

Catherine the Great

1729 - 1796

Cesare Beccaria

1738 - 1794

Frederick the Great

1740 - 1786

king of prussia. longest reign of any Hohenzollern king. He lead prussia to become a leading military power

War of Austrian Succession

1740 - 1748

Mary Wollstonecraft

1749 - 1797

Pugachev's Rebellion

1773

Joseph II

1780 - 1790

The French Revolution

Edmund Burke

1729 - 1797

Abbe Sieyes

1748 - 1836

Wrote "What is the 3rd Estate?" Helped establish the 3rd Estate as the National Assembly. Eventually supported Napoleon's rise power.

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763

Marquis de Lafayette

September 6 1757 - May 20 1834

Robespierre

1758 - 1794

Treaty of Paris

1763

Jacobin Club

1789 - 1794

The Great Fear

1789

The Declaration of the Rights of Man

1789

Introduced by the National Assembly, it decreed that all men are free/equal, that everyone had the natural rights to liberty, property, security and resistance to oppression. It also allowed freeom of religion, speech, press, petion of government, and freedom from arbitrary arrest.

The National Assembly

1789

French legislature formed by the 3rd Estate at the beginning of the Revolution.

Estates General

1789

Assembly of the 3 Estates in France. Each Estate had one vote, prompting the 3rd Estate to form the National Assembly. Also weakened Louis XVI

Girondists

Approx. 10/1/1789 - Approx. 10/1/1793

Olympe de Gouges

1791

Publication of Declaration of the Rights of Women

The Committee on Public

1793 - 1794

The Reign of Terror

1793 - 1794

The Directory

1794 - 1799

Thermidorian Reaction

27 July 1794

The Grand Empire

Approx. 1799 - Approx. 1815

Napoleon Bonaparte

1799 - 1815

Napoleonic Code

1804

The German Confederation of the Rhine

1806

Louis XVII

1814 - 1824