Birth of the Modern World

Did the Modern World truly originate in Europe during the 15th and 16th Centuries?

Medieval Period

The Incan Empire

1200 - 1531

The Aztec Empire

1323 - 1521

The Black Death

1348 - 1350

The Fall of Constantinople


The Renaissance

The Italian Renaissance

1360 - 1699

Da Vinci's Vitruvian Man


Da Vinci's Last Supper


Michelangelo's David

1501 - 1504

Da Vinci's Mona Lisa

1503 - 1507

Michelangelo's Sistene Chapel

1508 - 1512

The Reformation

The Reign of King Henry VIII


Famous for his 6 marriages and initiation of the Act of Supremacy

The Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Luther's 95 Theses


The Diet of Worms


The Execution of Sir Thomas More

July 6 1535

The Counter Reformation

1545 - 1648

The Reign of Queen "Bloody" Mary

1553 - 1558

Mary was so named "Bloody" Mary due to her persecution of Protestants during her reign

The Reign of Queen Elizabeth I

1558 - 1603

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration

1418 - 1660

Ferdinand Magellan

1475 - 1525

He was a Spanish explorer. He is the man that found the passage below south America. His crew also circumnavigate the world, he does this just to get to the Philippines.

Bartolomeu Dias

1487 - 1488

He was a nobleman of the Portuguese royal household and a Portuguese explorer. He sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, the first European known to have done so.

Christopher Columbus

1492 - 1504

Italian who represented Spanish voyage dates and destinations. He made lasting contact with the American continents

Amerigo Vespucci

1499 - 1502

Italian explorer who works for Spain and Italy. He took voyages to South America twice, and he theorized that America was a seperate continent and not a part of Asia. Finally, he gets the continent named after him, America.

Vasco Nunez de Balboa

1501 - 1514

Spanish explorer, known for being the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from the American continent.

Vasco De Gama

1502 - 1503

He was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. He was also first European to reach India through sea. This discovery was very impactful as the route meant that the Portuguese wouldn't need to cross the highly disputed Mediterranean nor the dangerous Arabia and that the whole voyage would be made by sea.

Juan Ponce de Leon

1504 - 1517

Fountain of youth, Governor of Porto Rico

Hernan Cortes

1519 - 1524

He is Spanish, he had a noble family.
He was a Spanish conquistador with a great education from the University of Salamnca
He conquered the Aztecs with his 1,000 man army!

Samuel de Champlain

1575 - 1625

He was a French explorer. and took two voyages into Canada. The reason he is well known is because he explored the Great Lakes area and established a settlement at Quebec.

Sir Walter Raleigh

1584 - 1587

Sponsored three voyages from England to America from 1584 to 1587. Although none of his attempts to settle a colony in North America were successful, members of the expeditions he sent provided the English with valuable information about Virginia.

Defeat of the Spanish Armada


Henry Hudson

1607 - 1610

Found Hudson Bay