Ancient Greek philosophy.
(The Pre-Socratic method of critical reasoning deployed in the examination of the natural world was applied by Socrates to an examination of the human individual and his social institutions.)
Love of Wisdom.
is the period of Western philosophy that was developed in the Hellenistic civilization following Aristotle and ending with the beginning of Neoplatonism.
The use of logic, dialectic, and analysis to discover the truth, known as ratio.
Respect for the insights of ancient philosophers, in particular Aristotle, and deference to their authority (auctoritas).
The obligation to co-ordinate the insights of philosophy with theological teaching and revelation (concordia)
The structure, sources, method, and topics of philosophy in the Renaissance had much in common with those of previous centuries.
The major figures in philosophy of mind, epistemology, and metaphysics during the 17th and 18th centuries are roughly divided into two main groups:
With the tumultuous years of 1789–1815, European culture was transformed by revolution, war and disruption. By ending many of the social and cultural props of the previous century, the stage was set for dramatic economic and political change. European philosophy reflected on, participated in, and drove, many of these changes.
As with other academic disciplines, philosophy increasingly became professionalized in the twentieth century, and a split emerged between philosophers who considered themselves part of either the "analytic" or "continental" traditions.