-After fifteen centuries of philosophizing about theological questions, they seeked to know the created world.
- It's divided into two groups:
RATIONALISTS (Descartes & Spinoza): all knowledge must begin from certain "innate ideas" in the mind.
EMPIRICISTS (John Locke & Berkeley): held that knowledge must begin with sensory experience.
-The development of a number of new philosophical schools (logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism)
- Philosophy increasingly became professionalized and a split emerged between philosophers who considered themselves part of either the "analytic" or "continental" traditions