STAGES OF PHILOSOPHY

Events

Pre-Socratic philosophy

610 B.C - 469 B.C
  • It is ancient Greek philosophy before Socrates that started with Thales of Miletus
  • Philosophers rejected traditional mythological explanations in favor of more rational ones

Classical Greek philosophy

470 B.C - 322 B.C
  • Philosophers used dialogue to approach to the reality (Socratic method)
  • Plurality of topics (Cosmology, Anthropology, Ethics, Politics, etc.)

Hellenistic philosophy

323 B.C - 31 B.C
  • Was developed in the Hellenistic civilization following Aristotle and ending with the beginning of Neoplatonism
  • Philosophers were worried about ethical issues and knowledge problems

Medieval philosophy

476 A.C - 1453 A.C
  • It is the process of rediscovering the ancient cultutre developed in Greece and Rome in the classical period
  • It's also the need to address theological problems and to integrate sacred doctrine with secular learning

Renaissance philosophy

1300 A.D - 1599 A.D
  • It’s the passage from medieval philosophy to humanism
  • Humanism, Politics, astronomy and Maths are clue during this period

Modern philosophy

1600 A.C. - 1799 A.C.

-After fifteen centuries of philosophizing about theological questions, they seeked to know the created world.
- It's divided into two groups:

RATIONALISTS (Descartes & Spinoza): all knowledge must begin from certain "innate ideas" in the mind.

EMPIRICISTS (John Locke & Berkeley): held that knowledge must begin with sensory experience.

19th-century philosophy

1800 A.C. - 1899 A.C
  • Romanticism validated strong emotion as an authentic not of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and terror and awe
  • The most important philosophical schools and tendencies were German idealism, Utilitarianism, Marxism, Existentialism, Positivism, Pragmatism

20th-century philosophy

1900 A.C - 1999 A.C

-The development of a number of new philosophical schools (logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism)
- Philosophy increasingly became professionalized and a split emerged between philosophers who considered themselves part of either the "analytic" or "continental" traditions