Was the shift for early people from hunting & gathering to agriculture. Which led people to stay in a permanent settlement, establish social classes and lead to civilizations.
It was a republic, made up of wealthy male citizens, in which they were only allowed to vote. It was not a democracy.
Bantu speakers spread out from the border of Nigeria and Cameroon a little before 500 BCE. As they spread they brought with them knowledge of iron smelting, agriculture and cattle.
Very powerful dynasty in China that came after the Qin Dynasty. Started by Liu Bang and impacted China's heritage. It also is the Dynasty that created the Great Wall.
The Romans having become a christian empire they converted other countries or regions to Christianity. Especially, in North Africa as most of the population was converted.
Founded by Chandra Gupta , was split to better enforce laws. Rulers expanded trade, used agricultural productivity and controlled iron deposits. The empire did not have much influence to rule the outlying provinces same as the Mauryan empire, so they heavily relied on provincial.
The second of one of the great Sunnite dynasties, they destroyed the Umayyad clan and took over. The Abbasid dynasty had a unique culture in which new invention we use now came from, such as Arabic numerals and Algebra. The fall of the Abbasid empire was due to the conquest of the mongols.
The first attempt to take back the holy land, Jerusalem, by Pope Urban 2. The crusaders attacked the holy land, destroying almost everything and killing people regardless of who it was.
The Mongol empire started with Genghis Khan as he united the nomadic Mongols and took over land one after another. The Mongols were merciless in battle and had a large army, mostly with archers on horses. After Genghis Khan the Mongol empire was divided into four sections each ruled by one of Genghis Khan's offsprings. The Mongol empire was one of the greatest conquering empires in history.
Marco Polo spent 17 years in China in the Palace, when he was young. He later returned to China and did a task to travel the Silk Road that the emperor asked of him. He later wrote about his journey in a book.
Takes a long Haj to Mecca, encountering many obstacles and adventures. He also supports the spread of Islam from this long trip.
Inca empire was independent from the rest of civilizations of Mesoamerica and was located in the Andes mountains.
The Fall of Constantinople was due to the conquest of the Turks. The city was later called Istanbul.
Portuguese explorers establish an embassy at Mbanza the capital of the Bantu State in the present Angola. The Kongo ruler converts to Catholicism.
Colombus crosses the Atlantic to find a new route to India, instead finds a new continent. He goes back to Spain and tells his finding.
Granada surrendered to Isabella and Ferdinand. Granada was the last Muslim Kingdom in Spain and this marked the final expulsion of the Moors from Spain.
After Columbus returns to Spain with strange animals, a live Native American and other unsusual items Queen Isabella grants Columbus enormous priviledges. He is sent back with 1,500 men and a fleet of 17 ships as the governor of the new land.
Portugal and Spain agree on division of the World. Portugal gained all of the land in the East which gave them Africa, Spain gained all of the land in the West which gave them all of the New World except for Brazil.
John Cabot together with his son Sebastian discovered Newfoundland. He claims it for England.
Vasco De Gama, the Portuguese explorer, arrived in India. He established a trading post, thus creating a new trade route between Europe and the East.