The Kongo empire covered many parts of nowadays south-western Congo, northern Angola, and a part of Democratic Republic of Congo.
King Leopold II, starts taking over Congo.
King Leopold announces Congo as a free state, under his control.
Edward Dene Morel, a British journalist, slowly exposes the brutality of King Leopold II’s empire using slaves to find rubber and hunt for ivory.
King Leopold is called back to Belgium because of the conditions he keeps his workers in. A Belgian minister is appointed as the new leader of Congo.
The state of Belgium still uses forced labour but less dangerous and it announces its new rule, that every Congolese must do 60 days of work each year.
Riots happen in the DRC for independence from Belgium.
Congo gains independence. Before, Congo officially gained independence, Belgium robs Congo of its treasury.
The new Congolese government asks help from the UN, to help get rid of mercenaries and Belgium soldiers, which is granted, and one of its firsts peace keeping missions in Africa begins called ONUC, with 20,000 peace keepers.
Prime Minister Lumumba is removed from power, with enthusiasm from Belgium and America.
Joseph Mobutu seizes power of Congo, in a CIA-backed coup, and cracks down on rebels. And remains prime minister for 32 years.
Mobuto nationalises mining copper, diamonds, cobalt and coffee.
Mobuto changes his name to Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga which translate to The all-powerful warrior who, because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, goes from conquest to conquest, leaving fire in his wake, as well as changing the country’s name to Zaire.
The Rwandan Genocide happens and thousands of Hutu’s flee to eastern Zaire and terrorize the local population.
Mobutu flees into exile as Laurent Kabila takes over as prime minister with the support of Uganda and Rwanda. Laurent Kabila does not want the support which causes Uganda and Rwanda to ally themselves with the rebel groups of DRC. At the same time, Zaire is changed to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Mobutu dies of prostate cancer in exile in Morocco.
President Laurent Kabila is assassinated by his bodyguard. After days of no one ruling the country, his 29-year-old son Joseph takes office. Joseph Kabila signs the Lusaka Peace Accord and 5,000 UN peacekeepers are sent to the DRC. Uganda and Rwanda withdraw from the DRC.
Joseph Kabila established a power-sharing government with the rebel groups but the DRC is still war-torn with different rebel groups exploiting minerals and controlling different parts of the DRC.