DRC Conflict

Events

1300

Approx. 1300

The Kongo empire covered many parts of nowadays south-western Congo, northern Angola, and a part of Democratic Republic of Congo.

1870

Approx. 1870

King Leopold II, starts taking over Congo.

1885

1885

King Leopold announces Congo as a free state, under his control.

1890

1890

Edward Dene Morel, a British journalist, slowly exposes the brutality of King Leopold II’s empire using slaves to find rubber and hunt for ivory.

1908

1908

King Leopold is called back to Belgium because of the conditions he keeps his workers in. A Belgian minister is appointed as the new leader of Congo.

1935

1935

The state of Belgium still uses forced labour but less dangerous and it announces its new rule, that every Congolese must do 60 days of work each year.

1959

1959

Riots happen in the DRC for independence from Belgium.

1960

June 1960

Congo gains independence. Before, Congo officially gained independence, Belgium robs Congo of its treasury.

1960

July 1960

The new Congolese government asks help from the UN, to help get rid of mercenaries and Belgium soldiers, which is granted, and one of its firsts peace keeping missions in Africa begins called ONUC, with 20,000 peace keepers.

1960

September 1960

Prime Minister Lumumba is removed from power, with enthusiasm from Belgium and America.

1965

1965

Joseph Mobutu seizes power of Congo, in a CIA-backed coup, and cracks down on rebels. And remains prime minister for 32 years.

1966

1966

Mobuto nationalises mining copper, diamonds, cobalt and coffee.

1971

1971

Mobuto changes his name to Mobutu Sese Seko Nkuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga which translate to The all-powerful warrior who, because of his endurance and inflexible will to win, goes from conquest to conquest, leaving fire in his wake, as well as changing the country’s name to Zaire.

1994

1994

The Rwandan Genocide happens and thousands of Hutu’s flee to eastern Zaire and terrorize the local population.

1997

May 1997

Mobutu flees into exile as Laurent Kabila takes over as prime minister with the support of Uganda and Rwanda. Laurent Kabila does not want the support which causes Uganda and Rwanda to ally themselves with the rebel groups of DRC. At the same time, Zaire is changed to the Democratic Republic of Congo.

1997

September 1997

Mobutu dies of prostate cancer in exile in Morocco.

2001

January 2001

President Laurent Kabila is assassinated by his bodyguard. After days of no one ruling the country, his 29-year-old son Joseph takes office. Joseph Kabila signs the Lusaka Peace Accord and 5,000 UN peacekeepers are sent to the DRC. Uganda and Rwanda withdraw from the DRC.

2001 Onwards

2001

Joseph Kabila established a power-sharing government with the rebel groups but the DRC is still war-torn with different rebel groups exploiting minerals and controlling different parts of the DRC.