Musical History

Some Major Events

Civil War

1861 - 1865

Andrew Johnson Impeached

February 24, 1868 - MAy 26, 1868

Acquitted

15th Amendment

Feb 3, 1870

Plessy v. Ferguson

May 18, 1896

Spanish-American War

may 1898 - dec 1898

WWI

July 28, 1914 - November 11, 1918

Influenza Pandemic

1918 - 1919

19th Amendment

Aug. 18, 1920

Great Depression

October 29, 1929 - Approx. 1939

WWII

September 1, 1939 - September 2, 1945

United Nations Founded

October 24, 1945

Korean War

June 25, 1950 - July 27, 1953

Vietnam War

1954 - April 30, 1975

Brown v. Board of Education

May 17, 1954

Kennedy Assassination

November 22, 1963

MLK Jr Assassination

april 4 1968

Moonwalk

July 20, 1969

Roe v. Wade

1/22/1973

Nixon resigns

4/9/1974

Challenger Explosion

01/28/1986

Gulf War

August 2, 1990 - February 28, 1991

Bill Clinton Impeached

December 19, 1998 - Feb 12, 1999

Acquitted

Afghanistan War

October 7, 2001 - December 28, 2014

Iraq War

March 20, 2003 - December 18, 2011

Great Recession

Approx. Dec 2007 - Approx. June 2009

People

George Aiken

December 19, 1830 - April 27, 1876

Wrote an adaptation of Uncle Tom's Cabin

Henri Meilhac

21 February 1831 - 6 July 1897

French dramatist and opera librettist

Ludovic Halévy

1 January 1834 - 7 May 1908

French author and playwright

W. S. Gilbert

18 November 1836 - 29 May 1911

Sir William Schwenck Gilbert
English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator
collaborated with composer Sir Arthur Sullivan

Tony Pastor

May 28, 1837 - August 26, 1908

impresario, variety performer and theatre owner
one of the founding forces behind American vaudeville

Arthur Sullivan

13 May 1842 - 22 November 1900

English composer
collaborations with W. S. Gilbert

Edward Harrigan

October 26, 1844 - June 6, 1911

Irish-American actor, singer, dancer, playwright, lyricist
helped produce Mulligan Guard Ball

Benjamin Franklin Keith

January 26, 1846 - March 26, 1914

American vaudeville theater owner
influential in the development of variety theater into vaudeville theater
helped set up vaudeville theaters across the country

Julian P. Mitchell

Approx. 1854 - 24 June 1926

prolific stage director
Paid attention to the chorus, incorporated them into show as “real” acts as opposed to transitional

John Philip Sousa

November 6, 1854 - March 6, 1932

composer and conductor

Tony Hart

July 25, 1855 - November 4, 1891

American actor, comedian and singer
helped produce Mulligan Guard Ball

Edward Franklin Albee II

October 8, 1857 - March 11, 1930

vaudeville impresario
helped create circuit of vaudeville theaters

Florenz Edward Ziegfeld

March 21, 1867 - July 22, 1932

Broadway impresario

George Walker

Approx. 1873 - Approx. 1911

Black American vaudevillian actor

Bert Williams

November 12, 1874 - March 4, 1922

Bahamian American comedian and entertainer
Vaudeville era
first black American to take a lead role on the Broadway stage

George M cohan

Jul 03, 1878 - Nov 05, 1942

Composer, Performer, Director, Producer, Writer, Lyricist, Choreographer
From an acting family, acting very young and started writing, very patriotic, statue in time’s square, theater next to the subway station

Jerome Kern

January 27, 1885 - November 11, 1945

composer
Good storytelling in musical

Al Jolson

May 26, 1886 - Oct 23, 1950

Producer, Performer, Composer, Lyricist
Large acting style, performed in Blacface

Eubie Blake

February 7, 1887 - February 12, 1983

composer, lyricist, and pianist

Irving Berlin

May 11, 1888 - Sep 22, 1989

Birth Name: Israel Isidore Baline
Composer, Theatre Owner/Operator, Producer, Performer, Writer, Lyricist
22 musicals

Noble Lee Sissle

July 10, 1889 - December 17, 1975

black jazz composer, lyricist, bandleader, singer, and playwright

Cole Porter

June 9, 1891 - October 15, 1964

composer and songwriter

Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II

July 12, 1895 - August 23, 1960

librettist

Ira Gershwin

December 6, 1896 - August 17, 1983

lyricist

George Gershwin

September 26, 1898 - July 11, 1937

composer and pianist

Frederick Loewe

June 10, 1901 - February 14, 1988

composer

Meredith Willson

May 18, 1902 - june 15, 1984

Composer

Richard Rodgers

June 28, 1902 - December 30, 1979

composer

Frank Loesser

June 29, 1910 - July 28, 1969

songwriter

Joseph Stein

May 30, 1912 - October 24, 2010

playwright

Joe Darion

January 30, 1917 - June 21, 2001

lyricist,

Arthur Laurents

July 14, 1917 - May 5, 2011

playwright, stage director and screenwriter

Leonard Bernstein

August 25, 1918 - October 14, 1990

composer, conductor, author, music lecturer, and pianist

Alan Jay Lerner

August 31, 1918 - June 14, 1986

lyricist and librettist

Jerome Robbins

October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998

choreographer, director, dancer

Sheldon Harnick

April 30, 1924 - Present

Lyrisist

Mitch Leigh

January 30, 1928 - March 16, 2014

theatre composer and theatrical producer

Tom Jones

February 17, 1928 - Present

lyricist

Jerry Bock

November 23, 1928 - November 3, 2010

composer

Galt MacDermot

December 18, 1928 - Present

composer

Harvey Schmidt

September 12, 1929 - Present

composer

Stephen Sondheim

March 22, 1930 - Present

composer and lyricist

James Rado

January 23, 1932 - Present

actor, playwright, director, writer and composer

Gerome Ragni

September 11, 1935 - July 10, 1991

actor, singer and songwriter

Andrew Lloyd Webber

22 March 1948 - Present

composer

Jonathan Larson

February 4, 1960 - January 25, 1996

composer and playwright
died before last preview of Rent

Musicals

Astor Place Opera Riot

May 10, 1849

Showing Macbeth
25 dead and more than 120 injured
dispute between Edwin Forrest, American actor, and William Charles Macready, an English actor - who was better

The Black Crook

Sep 12, 1866 - Jan 04, 1868

ridiculously expensive $50,000
Spectacle, Extravaganza

La Grande Duchesse (Opera Buffe)

1867

La Grande-Duchesse de Gerolstein
by Henri Meihac and LudZovic Halevy

The Mulligan Guard Ball (Revue)

1878 - 1880

producers: Edward Harrigan and Tony Hart

HMS Pinafore (operetta)

25 May 1878

Music by Arthur Sullivan and a libretto by W. S. Gilbert

El Capitan

Apr 20, 1896 - Jul 25, 1896

Music by: John Philip Sousa

Fiddle-Dee-Dee (Burlesque)

Sep 6, 1900 - Apr 20, 1901

In Dahomey

Feb 18, 1903 - Apr 4, 1903

Actors Bert Williams, George Walker in blackface
First full length black all black musical to play at a legitimate theater in season

Little Johnny Jones

Nov 7, 1904 - Dec 24, 1904

by: George M. Cohan

45 Minutes from Broadway

Jan 1, 1906 - Mar 17, 1906

by George M. Cohan

George Washington Jr.

Feb 12, 1906 - Apr 21, 1906

music/book/lyrics by George M cohan

Ziegfeld Follies

1907 - 1931

producer Ziegfeld

The Merry Widow (operetta)

Oct 21, 1907 - Oct 17, 1908

Naughty Marietta “New world operetta”

Nov 7, 1910 - Mar 4, 1911

Produced by Oscar Hammerstein

Shuffle Along

May 23, 1921 - Jul 15, 1922

Show Boat

December 27, 1927 - May 4, 1929

book and lyrics by Hammerstein II, music Jerome Kern

The Band Wagon (Revue)

Jun 03, 1931 - Jan 16, 1932

Of Thee I sing

Dec 26, 1931 - Jan 14, 1933

Music by George Gershwin; Lyrics by Ira Gershwin

Uncle Tom's Cabin (Play w/ music)

May 29, 1933 - Jun 1933

Written by G. L. Aiken
Music is Diegetic, Non-Diegetic, and Composed for Show

Anything Goes

Nov 21, 1934 - Nov 16, 1935

Cole Porter (lyricist and composer)

Porgy and Bess (Folk Opera)

September 30, 1935 - Jan 25, 36

Black Folk Opera
Composed by George Gershwin
written by DuBose Heyward and Ira Gershwin

Pal Joey

Dec 25, 1940 - Nov 29, 1941

Music by Richard Rodgers; Lyrics by Lorenz Hart

porgy and bess revival

Jan 22, 1942 - Sep 26, 1942

Oklahoma!

March 31, 1943 - May 29, 1948

composer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II
Record setting run

Carousel

April 19, 1945 - May 24, 1947

Richard Rodgers (music) and Oscar Hammerstein II (book and lyrics)

Annie get your gun

May 16, 1946 - Feb 12, 1949

lyrics and music by Irving Berlin

Kiss me Kate

December 30, 1948 - Jul 28, 1951

music and lyrics by Cole Porter

South Pacific

April 7, 1949 - January 16, 1954

composed by Richard Rodgers, with lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II
2nd longest running at the time

Guys and Dolls

November 24, 1950 - Nov 28, 1953

music and lyrics by Frank Loesser

The King and I

March 29, 1951 - March 20, 1954

Composer Richard Rodgers and dramatist Oscar Hammerstein II

The Pajama Game

May 13, 1954 - November 24, 1956

Directed by George Abbott and Jerome Robbins

My Fair Lady

March 15, 1956 - September 29, 1962

Record #of runs at the time
book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe

Candide (operetta)

December 1, 1956 - Approx. feb 1957

Operetta
music composed by Leonard Bernstein

West Side Story

September 26, 1957 - June 27, 1959

book by Arthur Laurents
music by Leonard Bernstein
lyrics by Stephen Sondheim
conception and choreography by Jerome Robbins

The Music Man

December 19, 1957 - April 15, 1961

by Meredith Willson

Gypsy

May 21, 1959 - March 1961

music by Jule Styne
lyrics by Stephen Sondheim
book by Arthur Laurents

The Fantasticks (Off-Broadway)

May 3, 1960 - January 13, 2002

Book and lyrics Tom jones
music by harvey Schmitt

Camelot

December 3, 1960 - January 5, 1963

by Alan Jay Lerner (book and lyrics) and Frederick Loewe (music)

Hello, Dolly!

January 16, 1964 - December 27, 1970

Fiddler on the Roof

September 22, 1964 - Jul 2, 1972

music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick

Man of La Mancha

November 22, 1965 - June 1971

Lyrics by Joe Darion
Music by Mitch Leigh

Cabaret

November 20, 1966 - September 6, 1969

Playwright: Joe Masteroff Lyricist: Fred Ebb Composer: John Kander

Hair

April 29, 1968 - July 1, 1972

The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical
Lyrics Gerome Ragni and James Rado
Music by Galt Macdermot

Company

April 26, 1970 - Jan 1, 1972

Composer: Stephen Sondheim
Playwright: George Furth

Jesus Christ Superstar

October 1971 - June 1973

Rock Opera
Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Tim Rice

Chicago

June 3, 1975 - August 27, 1977

By Bob Fosse and Fred Ebb

A Chorus Line

July 25, 1975 - April 28, 1990

Evita

September 1979 - June 1983

Rock Opera
Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber and lyrics by Tim Rice

Joseph

Jan 27, 1982 - Sep 04, 1983

Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat
lyrics by Tim Rice and music by Andrew Lloyd Webber

Cats

October 1982 - September 2000

Composer Andrew Lloyd Webber
Producer Cameron Macintosh

Les Misérables

March 1987 - May 2003

Producer Cameron Macintosh

The Phantom of the Opera

January 1988 - Present

Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber
Producer Cameron Macintosh

Assassins (Off-Broadway)

December 18, 1990 - February 16, 1991

lyrics and music by stephen sondheim

Beauty and the Beast

April 18, 1994 - July 29, 2007

9th longest running Broadway show

Rent

April 29, 1996 - September 7, 2008

rock opera
music, lyrics and book by Jonathan Larson

The Producers

April 19, 2001 - April 22, 2007

Music and lyrics by Mel Brooks

The Last Five Years

May 2001 - July 1, 2001

an Anti Musical
written by Jason Robert Brown

Wicked

October 30, 2003 - Present

music and lyrics by Stephen Schwartz and book by Winnie Holzman.