Philosophy

Events

Pre-Socratic philosophy

600 BC - 400 BC

-Anciente greek philosophy before Sócrates

-They used to reject tradicional explanations and used more rationals ones.

Classical Greek philosophy.

400 BC - 323 BC
  • It started with Socrates but it involves Plato and Aristotel too

-Use the dialogue to aproach the reality(Socratic method)

Hellenistic Philosophy

323 BC - 148 BC
  • It was developed in the Hellenistic civilization( after Aristotel)

  • They were worried with ethics problems, so, with knowledge problems too

Medieval philosophy

400 AC - 1453 AC

-It is a part of the discovering of the ancient culture developed in Greece and Rome in the classical period

-An other part of the necesity to address theological problems and to integrate sacred doctrine with secular learning

Renaissance philosophy

1300 AD - 1500 AD
  • It show the transformation of philosophy from the medieval to the humanistic

-God was not the center, the center was the human being

Modern philosophy

1600 AC - 1700 AC
  • It was originated in western Euroepe

-Divided in two groups:

RATIONALIST:all knowledge must begin from certain "innate ideas" in the mind (Descartes, Baruch Spinoza...)
EMPIRICISTS: held that knowledge must begin with sensory experience (John Locke, David Hume...)
*there was another type of philosophy called political philosophy ( Kant, Rousseau..)

19th-century philosophy

1800 AC - 1899 AC

-It validated strong emotion as an authentic not of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and terror and awe

-Key ideas that changed philosophy were the fast progress of science: evolution...(Vanini, Diderot, Lord Monboddo, Erasmus Darwin, Lamarck, Goethe, Charles Darwin) at the same time philosophical schools and tendencies were German idealism, Utilitarianism, Marxism, Existentialism, Positivism, Pragmatism

20th-century philosophy

1900 AC - 1999 AC

-The development of a number of new philosophical schools (logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, and poststructuralism)

-Philosophy in the twentieth century became increasingly technical and harder for lay people to read