The philosophers rejected traditional mythological explanations in favor of rational explanations
Date information. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Socratic_philosophy
Socrates used the dialogue to approach to the reality ( the Socratic method)
The philosophy that developed in hellenestic civilization following Aristotle and ending with the beginning of Neoplatonism
Date information : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellenistic_period
It is defined partly by the process of rediscovering the ancient culture developed in Greece and Rome in the classical period, and partly by the need to address theological problems and to integrate sacred doctrine with secular learning
Date from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval_philosophy
The clues during this period are Humanism, politics. Astronomy and Maths
Date from : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance_philosophy
Appear the "Rationalist" in France and Germany, that say that all knowledge must begin from certain "innate ideas" in the mind ( Philosophers like Descartes Spinoza, Leibniz and Malebranch).
The "Empiricists" appear too, and they held that knowledge must begin with sensory experience ( Philosophers like Locke, berkeley and Hume).
In Political Philosophy we fint Hobbes adn Rousseau. Later, Kant will unify the rationalism and the empiricism.
The philosophies of the Enlightenment
began to have a dramatic effect, the landmark works of philosophers influencing new generations of thinkers. Romanticism continues since 18th century and it validated strong emotions as an authentic not of aesthetic experience. Key ideas that sparked changes in philosophy were the fast progress of science, evalition and the emergent order such free market. Appeared other ideas like egalitarianism, German idealism, Utilitarism, Marxism, Existentialism, Positivism and Pragmatism.
Saw the development of a number of new philosophical
schools like logical positivism, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism and poststructuralism. Philosophy increasingly became professionalized. There were arguments between philosophers who considered themselves part of either the analytic or continental traditions.
Also, philosophy became increasingly technical and harder for lay people to read.