Camille R. Parnacio Section 10

History of Statistics - Timeline

Events

Ancient Greece

1600

Philosophers have ideas with no quantitative analyses

1654

1654

Blaise Pascal corresponded with Pierre de Fermat studied mathematics of probability through games of chance, gambling

1662

1662

William Petty and John Graunt developed the use of simple averages. Applied the idea of estimation to develop quantitative data in the place of a census. 1st demographic studies

1680

1680

Jacob Bernoulli published papers on probability in 1685; first major treatise in the field of probability and statistics published in 1713

1733

1773

DeMoivre- Approximatio; Law of errors (similar to standard deviation), first statement of the formula for the normal distribution curve

1800

1800

astronomy used probability models and statistical theories. Quetelet, the astronomer who first applied statistical analyses to human biology

1805

1805

least square method by Legendre and Gaus and normal curve, regression through study of astronomy

1877

1877

F. Galton regression to the mean, correlation and the use of questionnaires and surveys

1900

1900

Karl Pearson continuous curves, studied natural selection using correlation, formed first academic department of statistics, Biometrika journal, helped develop the Chi Square analysis

1904

1904

Spearman a psychologist who developed a non-parametric equivalent of the correlation coefficient

1908

1908

W.S. Gossett a student who studied process of brewing, alerted the statistics community about problems with small sample sizes and the probable error of the mean the t-test

1915

1915

R.A. Fisher began developing methods appropriate for small samples, evolutionary biologists - developed ANOVA and stressed the importance of experimental design

1928

1928

Statistics began to take on more application approach

1939

1939

Abraham Wald showed a new way to look at statistics

1972

1972

John Tukey statistician who developed multiple comparisons procedure and introduces stemplot and on 1977 the boxplot