American Revolution


Proclamation of 1763


A law that did not allow the colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. It was meant to keep the Native Americans safe and protected. This outraged the colonists, and some colonies ignored the proclamation and settled west anyways. All settlers west were to be removed and sent back to the east.

Stamp Act


Parliament was persuaded to pass an act in 1765 called the Stamp Act. This act taxed wills, diplomas, marriage papers, newspapers, almanacs, playing cards, and even dice. The Stamp Act was meant to raise money for Britain, even though it was not necessary. The colonists started protesting. They did not think it was right to tax on all these things, and it was unjust. Colonists threw rocks and tarred and feathered agents.

Stamp Act Congress


They protested, and said that there shall not be taxation without representation. They held a civilized meeting in New York City because of the Stamp Act. They wrote petitions saying the delegates reject the Stamp Act and said parliament had no right to tax the colonies. The colonists were ignored by parliament, so they boycotted and refused to buy goods. In 1766, parliament canceled, or repealed, the act.

Quartering Act


A law that says colonists had to provide housing, candles, bedding and beverages for soldiers stationed in their colony. The New York assembly refused this law, so Britain dismissed the assembly in 1767. Britain sent troops to Boston to protect customs officers from local colonists. Britain was bullying them into paying taxes that were unjust. The soldiers were not safe of the colonists.

Townshend Acts


In May, 1767, parliament had an idea to tax the colonies again. George Grenville was now a member of parliament. He helped parliament pass the Townshend Act. This act taxed all of the following; Glass, paper, paint, lead and tea. Even though the taxes were not very high, the colonists still protested. Parliament did not have the right to tax them without their consent. Officers then started using the Writs of Assistance to allow them to inspect places without giving a reason. The colonists protested over this, and said a government a official should not be allowed to search a house without a good reason. This resulted in the Sons and Daughters of Liberty.

Boston Massacre

March 5th, 1770

On March 5th, 1770, a crowd of people gathered around the outside of a home filled with Britain soldiers. They yelled insults toward the redcoats. They then began to throw snowballs, and the tension started to rise. The soldiers panicked. They fired. Five people lay dead in the streets of Boston. They were quick to protest, and they called the incident the Boston Massacre. A few results were the painting by Paul Revere, and letters wrote by Sam Adams. These built outrage in the colonies. Samuel Adams took action, and formed the Committee of Correspondence.

Tea Act


The Tea Act was passed in 1773. This allowed merchants to sell tea directly to the colonists, and this made the tea cost less, but the colonists still had to pay the tax on the tea. Their plan backfired, because they thought the colonists would buy more tea than ever, but they took parliament by surprise and protested. They believed this violated their rights as Americans. They started boycotting goods. The Daughters of Liberty led the boycott, and the Sons of Liberty did not let the tea company unload the cargoes of tea.