Iran was declared a neutrality in world war 1, but ended up as a battleground for the Russians, Turkish, and British.
Reza Khan Ruled Persia/Iran
1921 - 1941
Khan's rule was cut when he was deposed in favor of his son, Mohammed. Shah's pro-Axis alignment during word war 2 sparked Russian occupation.
Reza Khan Seized Power
A military commander named Reza Khan took over and declared himself Shah of Persia, which is what Iran was back then.
Ali Razmara rule and assassination
Ali Razmara became prime minister, then assassinated 9 months later, succeded by Mohammed Mossadeq.
Western 'White' Revolution
The Shah launched the "White Revolution", a campaign to modernize, westernize the country which included land reform, social and economic modernization
Consequences of Authoritarianism
Shah's authoritarian rule led to riots, mass demonstrations, strikes, alienation of clergy, martial law was imposed.
Return of Ayatollah
Following 14 years of exile, Islamic fundamentalist Ayatollah Khomenini returned to Iran.
Americans Taken Hostage
52 Americans taken hostage inside U.S. embassy in Tehran by Islamic militants
Islamic Republic Declared
Following referendum, the Islamic Republic of Iran was proclaimed
The Iranian monarchy was overthrown and replaced with a republic. The Shah and his family were forced into exile.
Iran Iraq War
Iran-Iraq War began
American Hostages Released
After 444 days in captivity, American hostages were released.
Iran accepted ceasefire agreement with Iraq under the guidance of the UN.
Following death of Ayatollah Khomeini, President Khamene'i appointed as new supreme leader
First Reactor Constructed
Construction of Iran's first nuclear reactor began by Russian technicians, U.S. strongly objected
Nuclear Weapon Possible
IAEA reported Iran could develop a nuclear weapon in three to eight years; Iran allowed inspectors to visit the Arak nuclear plant; US intelligence report played down the perceived nuclear threat posed by Iran.
Depreciation in Currency
Rial (Iran's currency) lost about 80% of its value due to international sanctions.
Concerns Rise Again
Concerns began that nuclear talks with Iran could falter due to escalating animosity between U.S. and Russia over Ukraine crisis
Iran and six world powers agreed on timetable and framework for negotiating agreement about nuclear programs.