Composers: Shaping the Music of Today

Medieval Era

500-1500

Hildegard von Bingen

1098 - 1179

Germany

Bernart de Ventadorn

Approx. 1130 - Approx. 1200

France

Troubadour Perdigon

1190 - 1220

Lespéron, France

Guillaume de Machaut

Approx. 1300 - 1377

-France
-one of the first polyphonic composers
-poet/ composer/ writer for King John of Luxembourg

Guillaume Du Fay

Approx. 1397 - 1474

-France
-secular music

Renaissance Era

1500-1600

Josquin des Prez

1450 - 1521

-French
-Worked courts and Churches

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

-German
-Ein Feste Burg

Henry VIII

1491 - 1547

-England
-Pastime with Good Company (homophonic, c. 1513)

Christopher Tye

1505 - Approx. 1572

-England

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina

Approx. 1525 - 1594

-Italy
-Choral writer
-Missa Papae Marcelli

Baroque Era

1600-1750

Emilio de' Cavalieri

1550 - 1602

-Italy
-oratorios (religous)

Jacopo Peri

1561 - 1633

-italy
-Eurydice play

Claudio Monteverdi

1567 - 1643

-Italy
-Vespers (church service/ music)
-vespro della beata vergine (1610)

Heinrich Schütz

1585 - 1672

-Germany
-Took Opera from Italy to Germany
-histoire de la nativité

Jean-Baptiste Lully

1632 - 1687

-France
-Ballet d' Alcidiane

Johann Pachelbel

1653 - 1706

-Canon in D
-Germany

Arcangelo Corelli

1653 - 1713

-Italy
-Concerto Grosso
-Solo and Trio Sonata

Henry Purcell

1659 - 1695

-English
-Libretto (performed in 1680)
-Dido and Aeneas

Antonio Vivaldi

1678 - 1741

-italy
-Opera, Concerti Grossi, Solo Concerti

Georg Philipp Telemann

1681 - 1767

-Germany
-Ciola Concerto

J.S. Bach

1685 - 1750

-Germany
-Concert Grosso

Handel

1685 - 1759

-Germany

Classical Era

1750-1800

Johann Stamitz

1717 - 1757

-Germany (born in Czechoslovakia)
-True father of Symphony

Joseph Haydn

1732 - 1809

-Austrian
-worked in Hungary and England
-mentored Mozart and befriended Bach
-Beethoven's composition Teacher

Wolfgang Mozart

1756 - 1791

-Austria
-string quartets, opera, songs, instrumental, piano, clarinet, concertos, church music

Ludwig van Beethoven

1770 - 1827

-Germany
- moonlight sonata, fur Elise, Ode to Joy

Romantic Era

1800-1900

Franz Schubert

1797 - 1828

-Austria
-Der Erlkönig

Hector Berlioz

1803 - 1869

-France
-wrote symphonic poems
-Symphonie Fantastique (1830)

Felix Mendelssohn

1809 - 1847

-Germany
-child prodigy
-wrote string octet at 16

Robert Schumann

1810 - 1856

-Germany
Short songs, symphonies, piano

Richard Wagner

1813 - 1883

-Germany
-Opera

Johannes Brahms

1833 - 1897

-Germany
-impacted Austria

20th Century

1900-2000

Claude Debussy

1862 - 1918

-France
-Orchestra/piano

Maurice Ravel

1875 - 1937

-France

Benjamin Britten

1946 - 1976

-Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra