Clovis, King of the Franks, conquered the former Roman province Gaul which later became the Kingdom of France.
Muslims created a new civilization + expanding empire
Grandson of Charles Martel, had a 46 year reign.
Pope Leo III asks Charlemagne for help against rebellious nobles in Rome
Pope shows gratitude by declaring Charlemagne Emperor of Rome
Charlemagne's grandsons created the Treaty of Verdun which split the empire into 3 regions
Social class ranked between nobles and peasants -> Middle class
Hanseatic League - association to protect trade interest