Classical Age Lit Timeline


Archaic Period

800 BCE - 480 BCE

-"The Greek Archaic Period (c. 800- 479 BCE) started from what can only be termed uncertainty, and ended with the Persians being ejected from Greece for good after the battles of Plataea and Mykale in 479 BCE."
-"In the Archaic Period there were vast changes in Greek language, society, art, architecture, and politics. These changes occurred due to the increasing population of Greece and its increasing amount trade, which in turn led to colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas, the most important of which (at least to the modern Western World) was Democracy. This would then fuel, in a rather circular way, more cultural changes."
-laws of Draco
(via James Lloyd)

Classical Period

510 BC - 323 BC

Roman Republic

509 BC - 27 BC

Hellenistic Period

323 BC - 146 BC

Roman Empire

27 BC - 1453



630 BCE - 570 BCE


496 BCE - 406 BCE


427 BC - 347 BC


384 BCE - 322 BCE

Aphrodite of Knidos

350 BCE


43 BC - 17 AD


Athens Constitution made Democratic

508 BC

-Citizenship extended to alien manufacturing and trading folk
-10,000 citizens in assembly, headed by 500 citizens chosen at random

Greco-Persian Wars

499 BCE - 449 BCE

Age of Pericles [460 - 429 BCE]

495 BCE - 429 BCE

-Wider Democracy

First Peloponnesian War

460 BC - 445 BC

Second Peloponnesian War

431 BC - 404 BC

Hannibal Invades Italy

218 BC

-Hannibal leads Carthage army in crossing of Alps to attack Rome
-part of Second Punic War

Spartacus slave uprising

73 BC

-gladiator Spartacus leads slaves in an uprising

Julius Caesar dictatorship

45 BC - 44 BC

-becomes the first dictator of Rome- signifies end of Republic
-Assassinated by Brutus, who hopes to bring back the Republic. Civil war breaks out

Caesar Augustus

27 BC

-Roman Empire begins as Augustus becomes the first Roman Emperor

Hadrian Wall built

121 AD

-to keep out barbarians long wall built across northern England


306 AD

-Constantine becomes Emperor
-converts to Christianity, Rome --> Christian empire
-before, Rome persecuted Christians