Biotechnology Timeline

Events

Cells were first discovered by Hooke.

1663

Leeuwenhoek discovered protozoa and bacteria.

1675

The word “biology” started coming around.

1802

The Escherichia coli bacterium was discovered.Later on it became a major reschar as a production tool for biotechnology.Also pasteur begins working with yeast and then proved it was a loving or

1855

Chromosomes were discovered by Waldeyer.

1888

Genes were linked with hereditary diseases.

1909

Phages or bacterial viruses were discovered.

1915

The word “Biotechnology” was first used by a Hungarian agriculture engineer.

1919

Penicillin was discovered by Fleming which was the first antibiotic.

1928

The word genetic engineering is first used by a Danish microbiologist

1941

The electron microscope was used to identify and characterize a virus that infects a bacteria.

1942

The three dimensional structure of DNA was revealed by Watson & Crick

1953

The first automatic protein sequencer was perfected

1967

An enzyme is synthesized in vitro for the first time

1969

The first successful recombinant DNA experiment using bacterial genes was performed by Cohen & Boyer

1973

Mice were successfully cloned also the first gene -synthesis machines were developed.The first genetically plant is reporte.The North Carolina Biotechnology center was created.

1981

The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) procedure is considered. PCR, which utilizes warmth and compounds to make boundless duplicates of qualities and quality sections, later turns into a noteworthy devi

1983

Congress subsidizes the Human Genome Project, an enormous push to guide and succession the human hereditary code and in addition the genomes of different species.

1988

The primary governmentally affirmed quality treatment is performed effectively on a 4-yearold girl experiencing an immune disorder

1990

-This event occurred at the NIH Clinical Center.
-Many people were involved in this event starting from doctors and scientist to the 4 year old patient.
- This milestone is important because doctors were able to give a girl a quality of treatment to help in her immune disorder.

Chiron's Betaseron is endorsed as the main treatment for different sclerosis in 20 years. The FDA proclaims that hereditarily built nourishments are "not inalienably unsafe" and don't require e

1993

Scottish researchers report cloning a sheep, utilizing DNA from grown-up sheep cells. A gathering of Oregon analysts cases to have cloned two Rhesus monkeys. Another DNA system consolidates PCR

1997

A work in progress of the human genome guide is created, demonstrating the areas of more than 30,000 qualities. Cloned vain RT with completely dynamic polymerase and minimized Rnase H movement

1998

The arrangement of the human genome is distributed in Science and Nature, making it feasible for analysts everywhere throughout the world to start creating medicines.

2001

Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute make the primary manufactured cell.

2010