AP World History Timeline Mikayla H4

Work in Progress

E Asia

Laozi

600 BCE - 500 BCE

Founder of Daoism

Confucius

551 BCE - 479 BCE

Confucianism- Teachings Became basis of education
The Analects
Concepts- Li, Ren, Junzi, Xiao

Qin Shihuangdi

260 BC - 210 BC

1st Emperor
Legalism System
Standardized Script
Terracotta Warriors
Book Burning
Start to connect Wall

Ban Zhao

45 CE - 120 CE

Education for all= Goal
Most famous woman scholar

Sui Dynasty

589 - 618

Rebellion led to end
Grand Canal

Fast Ripening Rice

600

From Vietnam
Allowed China 2 harvests
More Food--Population up--Urbanization

Grand Canal

604 - 618

Only important thing about the Sui
Facilitates trade and Communication
made Sui fail cause rebellion

Block Printing

Approx. 612

China
Carve things in reverse on Blocks
Common during Tang
Developed having blocks fit and rearrange- not useful for Chinese script

"Flying Cash"

618 - 907

Chinese
Letters of Credit
Deposit at one spot pick up at another

Tang Dynasty

618 - 907

Tang Taizong
Equal Field System
Communication Network
Civil Servive Exam
Expansion
Ended Because Bad Leaders- Rebellion- Uighurs- Chang'an Sacked- Never regain power

Civil Service Exam

627 - 1279

Test of Smartness for jobs in Gov't
What Kong Fuzi wanted
If pass- 2 inch long fingernails and no taxes

Tang Taizong

627 - 649

2nd Tang Emperor
Capital- Chang'an
Confucian Values
Unusual stability and Prosperity
Transportation/Communication System
Equal Field System
Bureaucracy based on Merit

Nara Japan

710 - 794

Borrowed Lots from China
Adopted Certain Traditions

Neo Confucianism

772 - 1000

Buddhism and Confucianism
Basically Confucianism with Exploration of Rhetorical things
Zhu Xi
Represents Buddhism's Effect in China

Heian Japan

794 - 1185

Emperor= Figurehead
Imitate Chinese Script
Fell to Medieval Fedalism

Song Dynasty

960 - 1279

Not Very powerful
Military horrible
Scholars leading army- bad
Khittans got first half
Wiped out by Mongols

Song Taizu

960 - 976

Civil Admin more than military
got generals to retire so don't overthrow him
Made Army suck
Civil Service Exam
2 inch long fingernails

Khubilai Khan

1264 - 1294

Improved Welfare of Subjects
Established Yuan Dynasty
Not extend South cause jungle and humidity
Not get Japan Because Typhoon

Yuan Dynasty

1279 - 1368

Mongol Rule of China
Chinese beneath Mongols
Didn't Expand- why- see Kublai Khan

Ming Dynasty

1368 - 1644

Yongle Encyclopedia

1403 - 1408

All significant Chinese works in one book
23000 Scrolls
gov't planned to distribute didn't cause $$$$$$

Zheng He

1405 - 1433

During Ming Dynasty
To establish Chinese presence in SE Asia
Wanted extension of Tributary relationships
Demonstrated China's power

Forbidden City

1420 - 1912

Mateo Ricci

1552 - 1610

Tokugawa Ieyasu

1600 - 1616

"Dutch Learning"

1641 - 1853

Qing Dynasty

1644 - 1911

Kang Xi

1654 - 1722

Qianlong

1736 - 1795

SE Asia

Angkor Wat

802 CE - 1431 CE

Hindu --> Buddhist
Thai ended them
Trading Center

S Asia

Siddhartha Guatama

563 BCE - 483 BCE

Founder of Buddhism
No Pain --> Sees suffering --> Runs Away
Becomes Buddha with Mediation

Chandra Gupta Maurya

320 BCE - 300 BCE

Spies= Prostitutes
Took over Tribes
Centralized Gov't

Ashoka Maurya

268 BCE - 232 BCE

Conquered A lot
Bureaucracy
Cosmopolitan City

Islam ---> India

711

711 Sind Conquered
People converted for Trade or to rid selves of castes
Sultanate of Delhi- not good at converting for most part

Bhakti Movement

Approx. 800 - Approx. 1700

trying to merge Islam and Hinduism
Doesn't work--- starts to bring together cultures

Sultanate of Delhi

1206 - 1526

Islamic Rulers in India
Not very good at converting cause 1. Mahmud is a butt 2. Distance from Caliphate
Depended on Good will of others to rule

Akbar

1556 - 1605

Mid-East

Sumerian Empire

6000 bce - 4000 bce

Fishing
Wheel
Cuneiform
Copper metalurgy
organized argicultural system
360 degree circle
Polytheistic
Algebra

Phoenicians

3000 BC - 334 BC

Sea based Trade
Alphabet- consonants
glass, purple dye, Scrolls

Sargon

2370 BCE - 2315 BCE

King Of Accadians
1st Empire
Controlled by randomly showing up and asking for tribute

Abraham

1850 BCE - 1800 BCE

Hebrew Patriarch
Led people from Sumer to Canaan (Israel)

Hammurabi

1792 BCE - 1750 BCE

Hammurabi's Code- first set of written laws
Centralized Gov't
Deputies make/carry out laws

Babylonian Empire

1780 BCE - 1600 BCE

Hammurabi
Admin by Deputies

Darius

521 BCE - 486 BCE

Satraps--- Super Important!
Extended Persia to India
Persepolis
Persian Royal Roads

Xerxes

486 BC - 465 BC

Lost Persian Wars
Stomped Rebellions
Less tolerant
People thought cruel

Alexander the Great

336 BCE - 323 BCE

Conquered Persia and Eygpt
Strategist
Led to Hellenistic age

Jesus of Nazareth

0 ce - 33 ce

Believed son of God
Miracles
Led to Paul
Christian Patriarch

Khadija

555 - 619

Wife of Muhammad
Successful woman of power
Reveals Mohammed's views of women
Converted to and spread islam

Muhammed

570 AD - 632 AD

Creator/ Spreader of Islam
Started Islamic Expansion
5 pillars

Hijra

622

Migration from Mecca to Medina
Start of Islamic Calendar

Abu Bakr

0633 - 634

1st Caliph
Head of State and Church for Umayyad Dynasty
Continued Expansion

Umayyad Caliphate

661 - 750

Abu Bakr- first Caliph
Expansion!!!!!
Sunni and Shia split
Conquered are lesser even if Muslim

Abbasid Caliphate

750 - 1258

Started at Death Dinner
Ulamas and Quadis
Power struggle leads to caliphs being figureheads until Mongols finish off

Battle of Manzikert

1071

Byzantine vs Seljuk Turks for Anatolia
Turks won
Ultimately leads to Ottomans taking Constantinople

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1923

Tamerlane

1336 - 1405

Conquered Persia and Hindu Kush and more north
Weakened Golden Horde (Russia area)
Sacked Delhi
Conqueror not admin
area fell apart after death

Mehmed II

1451 - 1481

Safavid Empire

1501 - 1736

Shah Ismail

1501 - 1524

Battle of Chaldiran

1514

Suleyman the Magnificent

1520 - 1566

Mughal Empire

1526 - 1857

N+C Asia

Pastoralists

Approx. 6000 BCE - Approx. 1500 CE

Mainly Central Asia- Vegetation too sparse to farm
Nomadic- make for subsistence
Like the Xiongnu, Mongols, Turkic People

Prince Vladimir

980 - 1015

Prince of Kiev (Russia-ish)
Converted to Christianity (Eastern Orthodox)
Forced subjects to convert
Spread influence of Byzantine

Genghis Khan (Chingis) (Temujin)

1206 - 1227

Unified Mongols (Of the Turkic people)
Created Empire Persia to China to Russia
Calvary and archery fighting- made it easier to win
Also Ruthless
Legions of People previously not associated to fight better
Not an Administrator- Overlords for areas conquered

Russia

1491 - Present

Peter the Great

1682 - 1725

Catherine the Great

1762 - 1796

Europe

Socrates

470 BC - 399 BC

Against Sophis
Wants Education to improve
Reflection
Questions Authority--> Death Trial --> chooses suicide vs never speaking again

Pericles

461 BC - 429 BC

Leader of Greece
Popular Big projects
Advanced Democracy

Plato

427 BC - 347 BC

Forms and Ideas- Multiple Dimensions
3 groups in Society- Philosopher Kings, Warriors, Masses
Ideal Forms

Aristotle

384 BC - 322 BC

Reads/ Writes about Everything
Scientific Thought
Democracy Doesn't Work- Different gov't for different groups

Julius Caesar

100 BCE - 44 BCE

Made Rome Actually a dictatorship
People liked
Stabbed

Augustus Ceasar

63 BC - 14 BC

Pax Romana
Made Senate Name him Emporer

Trajan

53 AD - 117 AD

Roman Emperor
Big on Public Works
Won Dalian Wars
Trajan's Column

Diocletian

244 - 311

Stabilized economy
Created Tetra arch System
Split Rome into 2 halves

Constantine

272 - 337

Vision of Christ's Power
Edict of Milan- Christians Allowed to practice
Converted to Christianity
New Capital in Wealthier part of Rome- by the Bosporus

Byzantine Empire

330 - 1453

Continuation Of Roman empire
Not very powerful
Justinian and Theodora

Attila the Hun

400 - 453

Warrior King
Organization to kill
grew Empire
Huns failed after Death

Justianian and Theodora

527 CE - 565 CE

Codification of Laws
Hagia Sophia built
Wanted to reunite the Roman Empire

Justinian's Code

529 - 534

Justinian's most significant political contribution
Systematic Review of Laws
Published as a body of laws for entire Byzantine

Hagia Sophia

532 - 537

"Holy Wisdom"
Church-> Mosque-> Museum
Gorgeous

Charlemange

Approx. 768 - Approx. 814

First Roman Emperor after the fall of Rome- Not Roman
Frankish King
Had to Travel through Kingdom to keep Power
Empire Fell soon after death

Vikings

793 - 1066

Norsemen- Raiding and Plundering
West Coast of Europe
Scared people--- Feudalism to protect

Holy Roman Empire

962 - 1806

Not Holy, Roman, or an Empire
Otto I - first emperor by Pope and Conquers
Investiture Contest

Great Schism

1054

Eastern Orthodox vs Roman Catholic
Roman Empoperer and pope excommunicated each other
persists to today

Reconquista

1060 - 1492

Reconquest of Spain
Big Heads from thinking their religion won, not the amount of manpower they had

William The Conquerer

1066 - 1087

from Normandy took over Britain
Centralized Gov't
Brought lords from France to rule

Pope Urban II

1088 - 1099

Launched the crusades

Scholastism

1100 - 1700

Aristotle and Christianity
Say Complementary authorities
Thomas Aquinas

England

1100 - Present

Thomas Aquinas

1225 - 1274

teacher of Scholasticism- Aristotle and Christianity

Marco Polo

1254 - 1324

Best known long distance traveler of time
Stories spread through Europe
Made more explore
Informed the people

Ottoman Empire

1299 - 1922

Osman- Creator/Leader
Took Constantinople-- continued into Europe
Lasted until WWI
Renamed Constantinople Istanbul

France

1300 - Present

Spain

1300 - Present

Ibn Battuta

1304 - 1368

Best known Muslim traveler
Tried to spread practices like veiling of women

Hundred Years War

1337 - 1453

England Vs. France
Begin Direct taxing and having Strong armies
No winner- just losers

Prince Henry the Navagator

1394 - 1460

Set up navigational school
Sponsored Exploration

Gutenburg

1439

Portugal

1450 - Present

Mehmet the Conquerer

1451 - 1481

Leader of Ottomans when Conquer Constantinople
Changed Name of city to Istanbul
GAVE FOOTHOLD TO REST OF OTTOMANS

Constantinople - Ottomans

1453 - 1922

Fall of Byzantine Empire

1453

Machiavelli

1469 - 1527

Scientific Revolution

1473 - 1543

Copernicus

1473 - 1543

Michelangleo

1475 - 1564

Natural Poses to show workings of Muscles
Renaissance Artist

Spanish Inquisition

1478 - 1834

Martin Luther

1483 - 1546

Bartholomeu Dias

1488

From Portugal to Southern tip of Africa and back
Didn't get to India
Laid Framework for going there

St. Ignatius Loyola

1491 - 1556

Columbus

1492 - 1504

First European to get to Caribbean
Thought it was india

Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Vasco da Gama

1497 - 1499

Portugal to India and Back
Explorer
Returned with wealth of items

John Calvin

1509 - 1564

Protestant Reformation

1517 - 1648

Ferdinand Magellan

1519 - 1522

Crew 1st to circumnavigate the world
Took 3 years

Council of Trent

1545 - 1563

Catholic Reformation

1545 - 1563

Galileo Galilei

1564 - 1642

Spanish Armada

1588

Thomas Hobbes

1588 - 1679

John Locke

1632 - 1704

Louis XIV

1643 - 1715

Built Versailles - Made nobles live there
Centralized France
"the Sun King"
Imported Skilled Workers to France

Peace of Westphalia

1648

Enlightenment

1685 - 1815

Voltaire

1694 - 1778

Rosseau

1712 - 1778

Adam Smith

1723 - 1790

Africa

Menes

3100 BCE - 3050 BCE

Unified Eygpt
Centralized State
Began Old Kingdom

Bantu Migration

3000 BCE - 1000 CE

From Gulf Of Guinea
To allover south of Sahara
looking for farmland

Old Kingdom

2700 BC - 2200 BC

Pyramids
Famine causes end
After Menes brings together

Middle Kingdom

2250 Bce - 1600 bc

Choas
Canal nile to red sea
Hyskos kicked out leads to new kingdom

New Kingdom

1550 BCE - 1070 BCE

Wealthy Expanding
Ramses- statues of self
Thutmose 2- Expansion
Akenaton- Monotheistic
Tut- tomb
Hatsheput- Trade and female

Axum

100 CE - 940

Christian in Africa- Eithiopia
adopted own traditions- lesser sprits
Traded Gold and slaves for BANANAS

Great Zimbabwe

Approx. 500 - Approx. 1490

On East Coast
Trading City
Big Stone Temple

Mansa Musa

1312 - 1337

Pilgrimage to Mecca
Islamic
Made Europe know Africa's Wealth

Songhay

1375 - 1591

Sunni Ali

1464 - 1493

Oceania

Americas

Olmecs

1200 BC - 400 BC

One of First Complex Societies in America
Giant Head Statues
Trade Jade and Obsidian
Unknown Why fall- could be because war

Chavin

1000 BCE - 300 BCE

Cult- Religious
Actual Name Unknown
Helped Andean Society become More Complex

Nazca

200 BC - 600 AD

Peruvian Society
Trophy Heads
Nazca Lines
Chiefdom Around Center
Agriculture Pottery textiles

Mochina

300 - 700

No Language
Lots of Art
Integrated Economic zones
Disapeared because drought and environment

Leif Erikson

Approx. 1000

First European on North America
Called it "Vinland" cause grapes
Short lived Colony

Aztec

1427 - Approx. 1519

Triple Alliance led to Empire
Rule until Smallpox and Europeans
Amazing Buildings

Inca Empire

1438 - Approx. 1500

Rule until Spanish
Western South America
No writing so colored chords

Montezuma I

1440 - 1469

Created Aztec Empire with two other tribes
Expanded trade and production

Montezuma

1466 - 1520

Atahualpa

1502 - 1533

Montezuma II

1502 - 1520

Emperor of Aztec at Spanish Arrival
Killed when Spanish fled Tenochtitlan

Vasco de Balboa

1513

Saw and Named Pacific Ocean
"Peaceful" Ocean

Hernan Cortez

1519 - 1521

Atahualpa

1525 - 1533

Last Emperor of Inca
Europeans waited until Tribute to Kill him

Francisco Pizzaro

1532 - 1533

Jamestown

1607

Quebec

1608

Global

Bubonic Plauge

Approx. 1331 - Approx. 1500

Killed tons
Ended feudalism in Europe
peasents unhappy
from SW China

China Exploration

1405 - 1433

Zheng He
SE Asia

Diaspora

1450 - Present

Triangle Trade

1492 - Approx. 1850

Columbian Exchange

1492

Spain Exploration

Approx. 1492

Mexico and Inca and Caribbean - 1492-1519
Magellan- 1519-1522

Columbus Journey

1492

England Exploration

Approx. 1497

Hudson Bay 1610
Newfoundland 1497

Portugal Exploration

1499

Africa to India- 1499
Eastern Brazil- 1500s

Joint Stock Companies

1520 - Present

France Exploration

1524

East Coast of North America

East India Company

1600 - 1874

Netherlands Exploration

1609

Maine- 1609

Seven Years' War

1756 - 1763