Geo-space timeline


sputnik 2

1957 - April 14 1958

first space craft to send an animal to space. to test how space can impact life and how it would be changed. the dog that was send passed away.

sputnik 1

october 4 1957 - October 26 1958

was the first satellite to go up in space> first started its mission on october 1957

Mercuryredstone 2

Approx. 1961

sent ham the chimp to test the conditions for human potential flight. was in space for 16 min.

Vostok 1

April 12, 1961

launched and landed on the same date. it was basically a race between Russia and the us. Yuri was the first man in space, was up in space approximately an hour.

Freedom 7

may 5, 1961

First american man to orbit around the earth. orbited the earth for 15 mins.

gemini missions

1964 - 1966

was to put humans into space and was a practice run for Apollo missions. test the duration of space flight and looked on how space affects humans.

mariner 4

november 28 1964 - 1967

was supposed to fly to mars and captured the first picture of mars. lost connection on 1967.

pioneer 10


first mission to take pictures of Jupiter, first to use nuclear power, first to reach out far in the solar system.

mariner 10

November 3, 1973

first satellite to orbit 2 planets , it went to Venus and mercury. and was able to take some readings and pictures.

voyager 1

September 5, 1977 - November 22, 2025

it has gotten readings from Jupiter and Saturn and has been going for 30 years. and meant to go by Pluto.

International Space Station

November 20, 1988

a research lab conducting biological experiments. to study space.

mars pathfinder


It was the first rover to go to mars. it successfully send back information, and it has been going for about 20 years.


October 15, 1997 - 2017

it studies Saturn and titan. it is supposed to crash into Saturn and still send back data until the very last moment.

hubble the famous telescope was launched


It is a telescope to take pictures of the universe and was the first to go in orbit.

spirit and opportunity


they are mars exploration rovers. the mission was to explore mars's surface and study the atmosphere.


march 6 2009

its purpose was for a shuttle to go out into space and discover exp planets. find habitable planets.