Space Exploration

Events

Sputnik 1

October 4, 1957 - January 4, 1958

Worlds first artificial satellite and orbited Earth for 98 minutes

Sputnik 2

November 3, 1957

First animal in space. Likia the dog died up in space

Mercury Redstone 2

January 31, 1961

Sent the first chimpanzee in space for 16 mins. Ham, the chimpanzee survived

Freedom 7

May 7, 1961

Sending Alan Shepard, the first American up to space. He was in space for 15 minutes.

Vostok 6

June 16, 1963

The first women was launched into space. Her name was Valentina Tereshkova. She was up there for almost 3 days

Gemini Missions

January 1964 - December 1966

American space flights testing capable missions for humans

Mariner 4

November 8, 1964

First probe to take pictures of Mars

Apollo missions

January 27, 1967

Wanted to send men to the Moon. Apollo 14-16 made it

Pioneer 10

March 2, 1972

First spacecraft to travel through the asteroid belt. Also obtain close ups to Jupiter

voyager 1

September 5, 1977

Was the first satellite to reach the outer planets and the second to take pictures in Jupiter. It is still transmitting data today

Hubble Space Telescope

April 24, 1990

Launched into Earths low orbit. Took pictures of deep space and the furthest its ever seen in space is 10-15 billion light years away. We use it to identify how old the universe is

Cassini-Huygens

October 5, 1997

Mission is to study Saturn and its moon titan. Its orbiting Saturn right now.

International Space Station

November 20, 1998

First station to get out of orbit. It is still continuing today. The whole goal is to experience space.

Rosetta

March 4, 2002

Needed to find information on the comet 67p. First satellite to land on a moving comet

Spirit & Opportunity

Jun. 10, 2003

Ongoing mission involving two Mars rovers. Wanted to search for science and water

Dawn Mission

July 6, 2007

Goal was to observe the dwarf planet Ceres

Mars 2020

July 2020

Wants to test another mars rover. Studying to see if humans can live up on Mars