The first artificial satellite. It floated around Earth for 3 months (Approx)
Its main mission was to study the effects of space on a biological creature (Dog) The creatures name was Laika it was intended to be in space for 10 days. While being shot into space ship was damaged and dog died after 2 days. Although they did get a good amount of data.
Mission was to obtain physiological data by sending up a chimpanzee (Ham) He was up in space for 16 minutes and 39 seconds. He was brought back down and lived long after that ( a full healthy life)
The first carrier that had a human in it (Yuri Gagarin) His mission was being controlled from down on Earth and was in orbit for 108 minutes 1 h 48 Minutes)
Had the first American Man (Alan Shepard) in space. He was up there for about 15 minutes. Objective was to orbit man around the Earth safely and Return him.
U.S. space diagram. There were around 1-12 missions. Neil Armstrong was part of one of those missions.
Intended for a fly by exploration
It was the very first successful moon landing (carrying people).
It was the first craft to make direct observations/images of Jupiter. It carried no people due to it being a satellite and took over a year to get to its destination
It got information from Mercury. Measuring its surface / atmosphere
It is still going as of today. Importance is taking advantage of rare planetary alignment. Goal was to study the outer Solar System. It is headed toward the Ort cloud and will take 3000 years to get through it.
Main Objective was to study the Pluto system. And some objects to the kuiper belt.