Space Exploration

Events

Sputnik 1

Oct 4, 1957

First artificial satellite

Sputnik 2

Nov 3, 1957

Study affects of space on a biological creature, a dog was used in this mission.

Mercury Redstone 2

Jan 31, 1961

Obtain physiological and performance data. Sent a chimpanzee that lasted around 16 minutes performing well, returning alive and well.

Vostok 1

April 2, 1961

A remotely controlled ship with a person inside ( Yuri ) the first person to ever be in space. He was in space for 108 minutes.

Freedom 7

May 5, 1961

First U.S.A citizen to go to space, his name was Alan Shepard. In space for around 15 minutes. In a controlled ship. Objective was to put an astronaut around earths orbit and return safely.

Mariner 4

Nov 28, 1962

First mission to fly by mars.

Gemini Missions

April 8, 1964

Helped learn how astronauts can go outside in a space suit. Walking in space and space walks.

Apollo 11

July 16, 1969

First successful moon landing! People walked on the surface of the moon.

Pioneer 10

March 2, 1972

Primary mission to orbit, took first orbital images of Jupiter.

Mariner 10

Nov 3, 1973

Measure mercury environment and surroundings.

Voyager 1

Sept 5, 1977

Took advantage of rare planetary alignment and studied the outer solar system.( Gas giants ) and used gravity assists.

New Horizons

Jan 2006 - 2020

Study the Pluto system and other objects from a belt in space.