John Pounds began teaching poor children without charging fees, started the 'Ragged Schools'
Birth of Victoria
First Railroad operates between London and Manchester
Births and Deaths Registration Act
Registration Act required that all births, deaths, and marriages be recorded, this allowed legislators to know the age of minors and restrict their working hours.
1837 - 1901
Coronation of Victoria
London Library Opens
The Act limited the hours worked by children to six and a half, with three hours' schooling, and set a maximum 12-hour day for young people between 13 and 18.
Marx and Engles' Communist Manifesto is published
Charles Darwin's Origin of Species is published
This piece was highly controversial for its ideas that contradicted creationism.
The Great Exhibition in London
First underground system opens in London
Transatlantic cable laid between London and New York
Forster Elementary Education Act
Set the framework for schooling of all children between the ages of 5 and 12 in England and Wales
The University Test Act
Abolished the law that all academics and students at Cambridge and Oxford Universities had to be practicing members of the Anglican church. This opened the universities to suitable people of all faith.
Sandon's Education Act
Created School Attendance Committees to encourage children to attend school and parents were made responsible for ensuring that their children received basic instruction
Free Education Act
Provided for the state payment of school fees up to ten shillings per week
Voluntary Schools Act
Provided grants to public elementary schools not funded by school boards