1920 - 1929

Beginning of depression

1925 - 1929

wokers laid off, consumption decline


1929 - 1941

low wages, strikes (but no revolution)

HOOVER president

1929 - 1933

tried to encourage businesses to hire workers

wall street crash

28 October 1929

Bonus Army march


WW veterans demanded their bonuses to be paid immediately. 2 were killed


1933 - 1945

saved the banking systemn created Welfare State, relief programs, improved situation, established fire chats

Emergency Banking Act


Banking Holiday. Could only reopen if they had anough money in reserve

The New Deal


Minimum wage, unemployment benefit, retirement benefits

Wagner act


Gave workers right to organise, create labour unions

Neutrality act


US should remain neutral = ISOLITIONIST movement. Later amended = allies could buy weapons from the US

World War II

1939 - 1945

First isolitionist, then interventionist movement = German victory would threaten the country's security.
Ended Depression = economy doubled

Pearl Harbor

December 7, 1941

Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour = surprise, shock. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war with Japan

Japan, Italy and Germany declare war on the US

December 8th, 1941

Japanese internment

1942 - 1946

Temporary camps → relocation camps
exeption in Hawaii : economy would have collapsed (lots of japanese there)


1945 - 1975

country not devastated, wages raised, ppl could spend money


1945 - 1953

Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings


Plan to invade Japan, but would have killed 1/2 of soldiers → atomic bomb

Taft-Hartley Act


limited the power of labour unions. Truman opposed, but Congress passed it.

Fear of Communism


Investigation of Federal employees by the FBI, HUAC = House Committee of Un-American Activities investigated Nazi/communist activities. A lot of employees resigned. Witch hunt.
Friendly witnessed cooperated.
Unfriendly witnesses didn't
1st Amendment : freedom of speech, communism is a political belief : not accepted
5th ammendment : remain silent


1950 - 1954

Liar : lied about going to war (image of a war hero), the age of his opponent, had a 'list' of communists working for the state...
Elected worst senator of 1950. Played poker, alcohol addict.


1957 - 1960

War hero. Contributed to the advancement of civil rights
Brows vs the board of education : end of segregation in school
raised minimum wage, favoured health and education programs


1961 - 1963

Lyndon B. Johnson

November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969

Passed social reforms, but unpopular bc of the Vietnam war.
wanted to eliminate racism.
Medicare (old ppl), Medicaid (poor ppl)
didn't solve poverty in the long run

Vietnam War

1964 - 1975

US ships attacked by North Vietnamese
Johnson lied : said they were winning, but Vietnamese occupied big cities and the Vietnamese US embassy
Only war the US has lost.


1969 - 1974

Tried to negociate peace with Vietnam, but reinstated relationship with Communist China.


1980 - 1989

Former actor → great communicator
laissez-faire : business will regulate itself
Cut taxes so that ppl could have more money to invest (didn't work)
Reduction of gvt money : cut some social reforms

Highest unemployment since the Great Depression, not many unemployment compensations

Appointed 1st woman in the SC (O'connor)

Ha was interrogated about a deal with Iran : US had banned trade with Iran : illegal to deal with. Press brough a story that the US sold arms to Iran bc US needed money to fight the Communists in Nicaragua.
Economy began growing again