wokers laid off, consumption decline
low wages, strikes (but no revolution)
tried to encourage businesses to hire workers
WW veterans demanded their bonuses to be paid immediately. 2 were killed
saved the banking systemn created Welfare State, relief programs, improved situation, established fire chats
Banking Holiday. Could only reopen if they had anough money in reserve
Minimum wage, unemployment benefit, retirement benefits
Gave workers right to organise, create labour unions
US should remain neutral = ISOLITIONIST movement. Later amended = allies could buy weapons from the US
First isolitionist, then interventionist movement = German victory would threaten the country's security.
Ended Depression = economy doubled
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour = surprise, shock. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war with Japan
Temporary camps → relocation camps
exeption in Hawaii : economy would have collapsed (lots of japanese there)
country not devastated, wages raised, ppl could spend money
Plan to invade Japan, but would have killed 1/2 of soldiers → atomic bomb
limited the power of labour unions. Truman opposed, but Congress passed it.
Investigation of Federal employees by the FBI, HUAC = House Committee of Un-American Activities investigated Nazi/communist activities. A lot of employees resigned. Witch hunt.
Friendly witnessed cooperated.
Unfriendly witnesses didn't
1st Amendment : freedom of speech, communism is a political belief : not accepted
5th ammendment : remain silent
Liar : lied about going to war (image of a war hero), the age of his opponent, had a 'list' of communists working for the state...
Elected worst senator of 1950. Played poker, alcohol addict.
War hero. Contributed to the advancement of civil rights
Brows vs the board of education : end of segregation in school
raised minimum wage, favoured health and education programs
Passed social reforms, but unpopular bc of the Vietnam war.
wanted to eliminate racism.
Medicare (old ppl), Medicaid (poor ppl)
didn't solve poverty in the long run
US ships attacked by North Vietnamese
Johnson lied : said they were winning, but Vietnamese occupied big cities and the Vietnamese US embassy
Only war the US has lost.
Tried to negociate peace with Vietnam, but reinstated relationship with Communist China.
Former actor → great communicator
laissez-faire : business will regulate itself
Cut taxes so that ppl could have more money to invest (didn't work)
Reduction of gvt money : cut some social reforms
Highest unemployment since the Great Depression, not many unemployment compensations
Appointed 1st woman in the SC (O'connor)
Ha was interrogated about a deal with Iran : US had banned trade with Iran : illegal to deal with. Press brough a story that the US sold arms to Iran bc US needed money to fight the Communists in Nicaragua.
Economy began growing again