The Civil War and Reconstruction

The Civil War

Congress established nation's first income tax

1861

Pro- Confederacy mobs attack Union troops in Baltimore, MD

April 1861

VA, NC, TN, AR join Confederacy

April 1861

8 slave states still in Union

April 1861

Lincoln declares Martial Law

April 1861

Border States- KY, MO, MD, DE join Union

April 1861

First Major Battle- Battle of Bull Run

July 21 1861

Congress repeals federal law that forbade African Americans in the Union Army

Approx. 1862

General Ulysses S. Grant attacks and captures Fort Henry and Fort Donelson

February 1862

General Stonewall Jackson (Confederacy) sent to threaten Washington

March 1862

USS Monitor vs. CSS Virginia off Hampton Roads, VA

March 1862

CSS Virginia destroys 2 Union ships and 3 aground

March 1862

Union gunboats captured New Orleans and Memphis

April 1862

Battle of Shiloh

April 6 1862 - April 7, 1862

General Lee marches troops north into Maryland

September 1862

Battle of Antietam

9/17/1862 - September 18, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation issued as a preliminary proclomation

September 22 1862

Union forces set out towards Richmond, again

December 1862

Battle of Fredericksburg

December 11, 1862 - December 15, 1862

Emancipation Proclamation formally issued

January 1, 1863

African American troops were fighting in major battles against Confederates

1863

Grant's forces tried again and again to seize Vicksburg

1863

Grant' marches troops inland launching surprise attack on Jackson, then attacks Vicksburg from behind

1863

Congress passes draft laws

1863

Battle of Chancellorsville

April 30 1863 - May 6 1863

Grant lays siege on Vicksburg- Confederates surrender Vicksburg

May 18 1863 - July 4 1863

Battle of Gettysburg

July 1 1863 - July 3, 1863

Pickett's Charge

July 3 1863 - July 3, 1863

Union forces capture Fort Hudson, Louisiana

July 9 1863

Riot in New York

July 16 1863 - July 19, 1863

54th Massachusetts Regiment led attack on Fort Wagner

July 18 1863

Ceremony to dedicate cemetery to the memory of dead soldiers

November 19 1863 - November 19, 1863

Gettysburg Address

November 19, 1863

US War Department announced all soldiers would receive equal pay

1864

Sheridan destroys Shenandoah Valley

1864

Lincoln wins reelection and looks to peace

1864

Wade- Davis Bill Passed in Congress

Approx. 1864

Grant begins drive toward Richmond, VA

May 1864

General Sherman to capture Atlanta Georgia and "March to the Sea"

September 1864

1 Confederate dollar was worth only 2 cents in gold

1865

Thirteenth Amendment approved

January 1865

Ten Percent Plan proposed by Lincoln

1865

Freedmen's Bureau Established

March 3, 1865

Grant takes Petersburg

April 2, 1865

Richmond falls

April 2 1865

Civil War battling over- Lee surrenders Appomattox Court House

April 9 1865

250,000 and 360,000 Confederacy and Union Soldiers died- $20,000,000,000 in cost of war

May 9 1865

Reconstruction

Slaves become freedmen

Approx. April 10 1865

Lincoln is Assassinated

April 14, 1865

President Johnson approves all new Confederacy governments

12/31/1865

Congressional Elections of 1866-Republicans majority both houses

1866

Congress passes Civil Rights Act

April 1866

Start of Radical Reconstruction

1867

Frist Reconstruction Act passed

March 1867

House of Reps voted for Johnson's impeachment (1 vote shy of impeachment)

February 24, 1868

Fourteenth Amendment approved

July 9 1868

Ulysses S. Grant Elected

Approx. 1869

Hiram Revels becomes nation's first African American senator

1870

Sharecropping

1870

Fifteenth Amendment ratified

1870

Congress makes it a crime to use force to keep people from voting

1870

Ku Klux Klan violence

1871

Grant wins reelection

1872

Amnesty Act passed

1872

Blanche K. Bruce- 1st African American to serve full term in senate

1874

Only 3 Southern states still under Republican control

1876

Hayes secretly decides to end Reconstruction

1877

Segregation is strong in South and Jim Crow laws

1877

"New South"

1877

Republican Rutherford B. Hayes elected

1877

South puts down 7000 miles of railroad tracks- also rebuild telegraph poles, bridges, and roads

1879

South was growing as much cotton as they did in 1860

1880

Many Northern forests cut down for lumber competition between north and south pines

1890

Plessy V. Ferguson

1896

South develops a more balanced economy

1900