Land of Chad

Events

Rabih al-Zubayr conquers the kingdoms of Ouadai,

1883 - 1893

France defeats al-Zubayr's army

1900

Chad becomes a colony within French Equatorial Africa.

1913

Chad becomes a French overseas territory with its own territorial parliament

1946

Chad becomes independent with a southern Christian - Tombalbaye, as president.

1960

Northern revolt develops into a fully-fledged guerrilla war.

1966

Libya annexes the northern Chadian Aouzou strip.

1977

Habre seizes power. He is later accused of mass political killings during his rule.

1982

Deby wins Chad's first multi-party presidential election.

1996

The Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad, led by Deby's former Defence Minister, Youssouf Togoimi

1998

rebels sign Libyan-brokered peace deal intended to end three-year civil war.

2002

Chad becomes an oil exporter with the opening of a pipeline connecting its oil fields with Cameroon.

2003

Rebels attack the town of Adre, near the Sudanese border

2005

Thousands of refugees flee eastern areas

2006

Chad and Sudan agree to stop conflict spilling across their borders

2007

Chad marks 50 years of independence from France.

2011

Former leader Hissene Habre is arrested in Senegal.

2013

Chadian troops help France drive al-Qaeda allies out of northern Mali.

2013

Trial of Hissene Habre begins in Senegal.

2015

President Deby announces he will run for fifth term of office in April presidential election.

2016

Ex-leader Hissene Habre is found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life in prison

2016