Rabih al-Zubayr conquers the kingdoms of Ouadai,
1883 - 1893
France defeats al-Zubayr's army
Chad becomes a colony within French Equatorial Africa.
Chad becomes a French overseas territory with its own territorial parliament
Chad becomes independent with a southern Christian - Tombalbaye, as president.
Northern revolt develops into a fully-fledged guerrilla war.
Libya annexes the northern Chadian Aouzou strip.
Habre seizes power. He is later accused of mass political killings during his rule.
Deby wins Chad's first multi-party presidential election.
The Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad, led by Deby's former Defence Minister, Youssouf Togoimi
rebels sign Libyan-brokered peace deal intended to end three-year civil war.
Chad becomes an oil exporter with the opening of a pipeline connecting its oil fields with Cameroon.
Rebels attack the town of Adre, near the Sudanese border
Thousands of refugees flee eastern areas
Chad and Sudan agree to stop conflict spilling across their borders
Chad marks 50 years of independence from France.
Former leader Hissene Habre is arrested in Senegal.
Chadian troops help France drive al-Qaeda allies out of northern Mali.
Trial of Hissene Habre begins in Senegal.
President Deby announces he will run for fifth term of office in April presidential election.
Ex-leader Hissene Habre is found guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced to life in prison