Doctors repaired the skull of a Russian Nobleman with a bit of bone taken from a dog.
A French Surgeon grafts a slice of a rabbit kidney into a 16 year old boy who was suffering from kidney failure. The boy died 2 weeks later after the first results seemed successful.
Peter Medawar finds that animals exposed to foreign tissues while they are young still embryos don't reject them.
Joseph Murray performs the worlds first successful human organ transplantation of a kidney from one twin to another.
Keith Reemtsma transplants more than a dozen kidneys from chimps to humans.
James Hardy performed the first cardiac transplant using a chimps heart in a human. The heart only worked for 2 hours as it could not handle the amount of blood needing to be pumped throughout the much larger body.
Christian Barnaad performs the first successful human heart transplant.
Baby Fae who was born prematurely with a malformed heart, she is given a baboon heart as a replacement and lives 3 weeks.
Starzl and his colleagues perform a baboon liver transplant into two people. One lived for 2 months and the other for 26 days.
Jeff Getty receives a baboon bone marrow transplant and although the surgery did not completely accomplish its goal Getty is still alive today.
Parkinson Disease seeking to be cured by transplanting nerve cells from fetal pigs to human.