Events Leading up to the Civil War

Events Leading up to The Civil War

Missouri Compromise- The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state.

1820

The compromise set it up so that Maine joined as a free state and Missouri joined as a slave state.

Compromise Tariff of 1833-Caused South Carolina to withdraw the ordinance nullifying the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832.

1833

Caused South Carolina to withdraw the ordinance nullifying the Tariffs of 1828 and 1832.

Compromise of 1850-The results were that California joined as a free state, and what was left of the Mexican Cession land became New Mexico and Utah, and did not restrict slavery

1850

The results were that California joined as a free state, and what was left of the Mexican Cession land became New Mexico and Utah, and did not restrict slavery

Fugitive Slave Law-Stated that slaves who escaped could not testify in their behalf and were not allowed a trial by jury.

1850

Stated that slaves who escaped could not testify in their behalf and were not allowed a trial by jury.

Uncle Tom's Cabin Published

1852

Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe depicted the harsh realities of slavery. Helped the push to end slavery.

Bleeding Kansas

1854

The vote to determine slavery in Kansas turned into a bloody small scale civil war. Republicans benefited from the fighting by using “Bleeding Kansas” propaganda to support their anti-slavery cause

Kansas - Nebraska Act

1854

The Missouri Compromise line was repealed and popular sovereignty was applied to slavery in Kansas and Nebraska

Dred Scott Decision

1857

Stated that Dred Scott had no right to sue because blacks are not citizens and Congress had no authority to prohibit slavery in western territories because the government cannot deny citizens their right to property so the Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional.

Lincoln-Douglas Debates

1858
  1. Lincoln argued that popular sovereignty is wrong because it supports the spread of slavery
  2. Douglas accused Lincoln of favoring racial equality and a radical plan to extinguish slavery that would force the US into a Civil War

Hinton R. Helper published The Impending Crisis of The South

1859

Helper was a white southern woman who argued that slavery hurt the South and small farmers

John Brown's Raid

1859

After Pottawatomie, he and 18 men planned to end slavery in the South by leading slave insurrections and killed many people. Brown was caught and executed, but was perceived by many in the North to be a martyr

Lincoln election of 1860

1860

Abraham Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States over a deeply divided Democratic Party, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency. Lincoln received only 40 percent of the popular vote. This angered the South and gave South Carolina a reason to secede.