Le prime civiltà agricole e urbane

sumeri

Approx. 4000 b.c.
Approx. 3000 b.c.
Approx. 2150 b.c.
Approx. 2100 b.c. - Approx. 500 b.c.
Approx. 2000 b.c
Approx. 1595 b.c.
Approx. 1594 b.c. - Approx. 1150 b.c.

Babilonesi

2330 bc - 2280 bc
2250 bc - 2220 bc
2000 bc
1792 bc - 1750 bc
1749 bc - 1712 bc
1595 bc

micenei

1900 bc
1600 bc
1500 bc - 1000 bc
1450 bc
1200 bc - 1100 bc

Persiani

559 b.c - 530 b.c
530 b.c - 522 b.c
521 b.c - 486 b.c
499 b.c
490 b.c
485 b.c - 465 b.c
482 b.c
481 b.c
480 b.c
480 b.c
480 bc
479 b.c

fenici

1200 bc
814 bc
814 bc
200 bc
64 bc