French Revolution

Events

May 5, 1789

May 5, 1789

A meeting of the Estates-General at Versailles to impose tax on the nobility. It was the first meeting held in 175 years. As a result of Louis XVI calling this meeting, it allowed the Third Estate to impress their thoughts regarding voting causing a revolution to slowly emerge.

June 17, 1789

June 17, 1789

Delegates of Third Estate voted to establish the National Assembly proclaiming the end of absolute monarchy and the beginning of representative government. It is important because it was the first intentional act of revolution.

June 20, 1789

June 20, 1789

Tennis Court Oath formed which was a pledge made by members of France National Assembly (Third Estate) in which they vowed to continue meeting until they come up with a new constitution. This event was significant because it was the first step of the Third Estate in the lead-up to the French Revolution.

July 14, 1789

July 14, 1789

A mob attacked Bastille (a prison). The fall of Bastille was a symbolic act of revolution to the French which became a French national holiday celebrated every year.

August 26, 1789

August 26, 1789

Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizens was created. The declaration was extremely powerful because it guaranteed citizens equal justice, freedom of speech and freedom of religion.

October 5, 1789 - October 6, 1789

October 5, 1789 - October 6, 1789

Thousands of Parisian women rioted over rising price of bread resulting in them breaking into the palace demanding that Louis and Marie Antoinette return to Paris. Also, the women ordered the National Assembly to take action to provide bread, The exiting of the Louis and Marie signaled that future changes and reforms were going to happen.

July 12, 1790

July 12, 1790

The Civil Constitution of Clergy was a law that passed by French revolutionaries that took all of Catholic Church land; it made the priests employees. As a result of this law, it subordinated the power and corruption within the church.

June 20, 1791

June 20, 1791

The royal family tried to escape from France to Austrian Netherlands but was caught. Louis' attempted escape increased influence of progressive enemies in the government which made it easier to get rid of his authority.

September 1791

September 1791

National Assembly completed the new constitution which stripped the king of most of his power and it also created a new legislative body- the Legislative Assembly. The Legislative Assembly was important for creating laws and approving or rejecting declarations of war.

August 10, 1792

August 10, 1792

Prussian commander threatened to destroy Paris if revolutionaries harmed members of royal family making Parisians angry. On August 10, a mob invaded the Tuileries killing the royal guards and imprisoning Louis XVI. Marie Antoinette and their children. The significance of this event was it was the downfall of French monarchy.

September 1792

September 1792

National Convention abolished monarchy and declared France a republic. It prevented one single ruler from controlling.

January 21, 1793

January 21, 1793

Louis XVI beheaded by a guillotine for treason. The death of Louis XVI was an influential declaration of the ending of absolute monarchy and the start of the people having their rights.

July 28, 1794

July 28, 1794

Robespierre went to the guillotine because people were fearing for own safety. The execution of Robespierre ended Reign of Terror period.

November 1799

November 1799

Napoleon's troops surrounded the national legislature and drove out most of its members, the members who remained voted to end the Directory replacing it by establishing a group of three consuls. His victory allowed him to take the title of first consul, his quick grasp of power is known as a coup d'etat.

1807-1812

1807 - 1812

French Empire collapsed because of Napoleon's actions. Before the collapse of the French empire, Napoleon had numerous of accomplishments. He bought a period of stability after the revolution. He was able to conquered a huge amount of land during the Napoleonic Wars.

1815

1815

Hundred Days was a short period where Napoleon made his last bid for power, getting rid of the king and becoming emperor of France again. Napoleon being able to escape prison shows how skilled he was and it is why he was able to take power once again.