European intellectual movement focusing on reason and individualism. Included Descartes, Locke, Newton, Voltaire and Rousseau
1775 - 1783
War between 13 colonies and Britain. Colonies rejected the British Monarchy. How the United States of America was founded.
1789 - 1799
Led to the end of the monarchy. king Louis was executed and Napoleon Bonaparte took power.
1791 - 1804
Slave rebellion that ended slavery and French control over the colony. Largest and most successful slave rebellion in the Western hemisphere
1803 - 1815
Series of wars pitting the French pitting the French Empire against many European powers. Led Napoleon Bonaparte
Land deal between the United States and France. Approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River was purchased for 15,000,000
Congress of Vienna
1814 - 1815
Meeting of 4 European powers that had defeated Napoleon. Met to establish a new balance of power and prevent imperialism in Europe and maintain peace between the powers.
War against Spain led by a priest. Priest Costilla was killed. Jose Maria Morelos and Vicente Guerrero then led the war to victory and the Spanish were forced to leave.
successful war waged against the ottoman Empire to gain independence for Greece
Central American Independence
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica gained independence as Central America from Spain
South American Independence
Revolution of volunteers led by Francisco de Miranda. He was unsuccessful twice. Simon Bolivar was defeated repeatedly but was successful in Colombia winning Independence.
Unification of Italy
1848 - 1870
Movement to unite Italy into one political and cultural entity
American Civil War
1861 - 1865
War between the North and the South. Started after the southern states succeeded from the Union after the election of Abraham Lincoln. The Union won and slavery was ended.
Unification of Germany
1862 - 1871
many small states wanted a nation that was united, powerful and influential but not all politicians were in favor. Began during the Napoleonic Wars and took place at the conclusion of the Franco Prussian War.