Ionian awakening of modern scientific thought

600 BC - 400 BC

Heliocentric model of the universe


Nicholas Copernicus suggests heliocentric model of the universe

Newton buys Elements of Geometry at the Stourbridge fair


"The event that precipitated modern science and technology."(Sagan, 183)

Calculus of Variations

January 29, 1697

Newton is delivered Bernoulli’s challenge of the brachistrone problem. In less than 24 hours solves it, thus inventing the calculus of variations

Wright and Kant propose that there are multiple galaxies in the Cosmos

1700 - 1709

George III of England’s mapping project shows equal number of stars in all directions from Earth, from which he concludes that we are at the center of the galaxy