An Ethiopian herdsman named Kaldi observed his goat, frolicking in quite a chipper mood near a bush.
Physician and philosopher Avicenna Bukhara writes the first known literature describing the medicinal properties of coffee.
Enterprising Arab traders return to their homeland, now modern-day Yemen, with coffee from Ethiopia.
The Mufti of Aden visits the Ethiopian countryside and sees his own citizens drinking coffee. He must have a taste! The drink cures him of some unknown affliction and - voila! His approval helps spread coffee's popularity all the way to Mecca. There, the first coffee houses are established, known as Kaveh Kanes, which are used for religious meetings. Gossip, singing and storytelling soon follow.
Ottoman Turks introduce coffee to the bustling power center of Constantinople. Those clever Turks add clove, cardamom, cinnamon and anise for a most spicy, energizing concoction. When in Istanbul, order this blast from the past that is still enjoyed to
Coffee shops open in Constantinople around this same time, which many claim are the first. They become hotspots for lively discussions and political debates.
Just over 50 years after coffee houses gain popularity in Mecca, Governor Khayr Bey bans the drink, fearing its influence promoted energized discussions In 1511 Governor Khayr Bey bans coffee in Mecca. Riots break out. and debates that could lead to opposition to his rule. He shuts down shops as far away as Constantinople.
Coffee arrives this year in Venice. This busy port city serviced the traders of the world where they exchanged their unique treasures. At first, this rare exotic find is made available only to the very wealthy, and was sometimes sold at premier lemonade stands for medicinal purposes.
Captain John Smith, a British world adventurer, who was one of the founders of the first English settlement Colony in Jamestown, Virginia, brings awareness of coffee to the newly discovered Americas.
Successful cloth merchant and trader, Pieter Van Dan Broeck, was one of the first Dutchmen to taste coffee.
A Greek student at Oxford University brews the very first cup of coffee in England.
Seventy-five years after the beverage was first introduced in Venice, the first coffee house opens, catering to the travellers and trade between the Venetians and the Ottomans.
The first coffee house in all of England opens near the University where eager students drive the drink's popularity. A few years later, those caffeinated young men establish the Oxford Coffee Club
An Armenian, Pascal, first sells coffee to the Parisian public from a tent at the St. Germain spring fair
In London, coffee was at the center in a war between the sexes. Women, you see, are barred from most male gatherings. So if their men weren't at work or the pub, they were spending time at coffeehouses - everywhere and anywhere but home. In fact, women surmised that coffee encouraged their men to drink more liquor.
The Italian Francesco Procopio dei Coltelli opens the Café Procope in Paris, known as the first literary coffee shop in the City of Lights.
The Dutch finally broke the Muslims' world monopoly on coffee. Some say the Dutch stole the seedlings, while others claim they were legally exported. Adrian Van Ommen, the Dutch Governor of Malabar in India sends Arabian coffee seedlings to his friend, the Dutch Governor on the island of Batavia (now Jarkata, Indonesia).
French create a new way to make coffee by submersing the ground coffee, enclosed in a linen bag in hot water and letting it steep until the desired strength of brew is achieved.
Berlin gets its first coffee house
Formerly the English Governor of Jamaica, Sir Nicolas Lawes, who is famous for prosecuting those pesky pirates, transports the first coffee plant to Jamaica.
Coffee cultivation is introduced into Hawaii from Rio de Janeiro. Don Francisco de Paula Marin with the approval of King Kamehameha planted the first coffee seeds in Hawaii in 1817. The plantings were a failure but in 1825, the first successful coffee orchard was established. Kona coffee soon to come! Aloha!
A couple of brothers. Hills Brothers packages roasted coffee beans for the first time in vacuum tins. R.W. Hills, a passionate innovator, developed a process that removed air from coffee packaging, resulting in fresher beans. Known as vacuum packing
Italian Luigi Bezzera patents the first commercial "espresso" machine. The Tipo Gigante, was just that, a large steam driven machine that used a water and steam combination, forced under Bezzera Espresso Cafe in early 1900's. high pressure to brew the coffee at a rapid pace.
Inventor George Washington creates the first mass-produced "instant coffee," later marketed in 1909 as Red-E Coffee.
Achille Gaggia, evolves the espresso machine using a piston to extract the brew at a higher pressure resulting in a layer Achille Gaggia in the 1940's. of "crema" on the coffee.
Specialty coffee accounts for 40% of all coffee
sold in the United States.
Now 400 billion cups of coffee are consumed each day around the world. The United States imports 27% of all coffee beans grown in the world. Coffee is second only to oil as the most traded commodity.