The History of Bilingual Education in America

Events

1st Bilingual Law

1839

Ohio passes the first law to allow bilingual education. It was in response to the large German population. Parents could choose to have their students instructed in German and English

Native Americans

1864

Congress passes a law that prohibits Native Americans from being taught in their native language

Bennett Act (Wisconsin) and Edwards Act (Illinois

1889

Both acts state that all students from 8-14 must be taught reading, writing and arithmetic in English

Bilingual Education Act

1968

This act mandated that school provide bilingual education programs. It is the first Congress endorsed funding for bilingual education.

Amendment

1982

An amendment to the 1968 Act allowed states to use an all English approach to bilingual education.

No Child Left Behind

2001

In terms of bilingual education, this act stated all bilingual teachers must be fluent in English and the other language being used in the classroom. It also put a time limit how long one can be in a bilingual program (3 years).

History Of ELD Education

TESOL

1966

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages a professional organization was formed in demand to the increase of English as a second language students and the need curriculum and materials.

Lau vs. Nichols case

1974

This case stated that Chinese students in San Francisco were being denied access to equal educational opportunities because they could not sufficiently understand the language of instruction. The Lau case set the expectation that school systems must adopt some kind of comprehensive strategy that addressed the needs of non-English speaking students, though the Court refused to mandate any particular model.

IDAHO V. MIGRANT COUNCIL

1981

This case established the legal responsibility of State Departments of Education to monitor and implement programs for LEP students.

CA Proposition 227

1998

Mandated a one-year structured English immersion (SEI) program

AZ Proposition 203

2000

Ended bilingual education, all students will be taught in all English classes.