‘Phoney War’ is the name given to the period of time in World War Two from September 1939 to April 1940 when, after the blitzkrieg attack on Poland in September 1939, seemingly nothing happened. Many in Great Britain expected a major calamity , but the title ‘Phoney War’ summarises what happened in Western Europe, near enough nothing.
Hitler invades Poland on 1 September. Britain and France declare war on Germany two days later.
The battle of Britain was the first to be fought solely in the air. Germany lacked planes but had many pilots. In Britain, the situation was reversed, but crucially it also had radar.
The blitz lasted the duration of the war, claiming 40,000 civilian lives.
Operation Barbarossa, as the invasion was called, began on 22 June. The initial advance was swift, with the fall of Sebastopol at the end of October, and Moscow coming under attack at the end of the year.
This lead to USA joining the war days later.
British and Indian troops began their guerrilla campaign in Burma.
D Day was the Allied invasion of France.
Labour government in power under Clement Attlee.
Such bombs had been in development since 1942, and on 6 August one of them was dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. Three days later another was dropped on Nagasaki. No country could withstand such attacks, and the Japanese surrendered on 14 August.