Turning Points in SA

Events

Native Land Act

1913

whites 87% land
blacks (70%) 13% land

SACP amalgamated

1921

Urban Areas Act

1923

Pass Laws
Colour Bar Act 1926

Taung Child

1924

Australopithecine africanus
in Taung

Treaty Signed

26 June 1945

UN Conference: Global Peace = start of UN

October 1945

CPSA + ANC strike

1946

Mrs Ples

1947

Plesianthropus transvaalensis
Sterkfontein

Nationalist Party

1948

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

10 Dec 1948

Freedom of Speech, Assembly
From from Fear, Want
48 in favour
0 against
8 absentions: SA & Saudi

Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act

1949

CPSA + ANC ilegal -> underground

1950

Main Apatheid Laws

1950

Ammendment of Immorality
Population Registration
Suppression of Communism
Group Areas

relaunched as SACP

1953

Main Apartheid Laws

1953

Reservation of Separate Amenities
Bantu Education

PAC

1959

Pan Africanist

Sharpville 5 day non violent protest

16 March 1960

PAC member leave passes at home

21 March 1960

Sharpville Massacre

21 March 1960

Soweto -> treason
Sharpeville -> 69 dead and 180 wounded
Langa -> 2 dead

1st National Strike in SA stay away

28 March 1960

PAC march to Police HQ Caledon

30 March 1960

30000 Phillip Kgosana + Clarence Makwetu

UN concerned about Apartheid

April 1960

Dr Hendrik Verwoerd SA out of commonwealth + SA -> RSA

31 May 1961

District Six

1965

March led by Stephen Biko

1969

Robert Sobukwe released

1969

Lucy discovered

1973

Hadar Ethiopa
Autralopethecine afarensis

SASM prepare for uprising

1974

Soweto Uprisings

16 June 1976

10 000
Official death toll: 23 -> (200)
100s injured

Stephen Biko dead

1977

Robert Sobukwe dead

1978

Pretoria bombing

20 May 1983

UDF formed

20 August 1983

Mogopa

1984

COSATU

1985

Cold War finished

1989

SACP legal

1990

Nelson Mandela released

1990

Unban Official

2 Feb 1990

FW de Klerk

CODESA

December 1991

Boipatong Massacre

17 June 1992

Chris Hani Assassinated

1993

Bisho massacre

7 September 1993

The 3rd Force march

1994

DEMOCRATIC ELECTION

29 April 1994

Sharpville new constitution

1996