Lev Vygotsky 1896 1934

1896 - 1934

Worked to create Theories of Cognitive Development.
He has social.
Speech>egocentric speech>individual

Jean Piaget

Approx. 1896 - Approx. 1980

Most widely known theory of cognitive development.
Was intrigued by kids thoughts and behavior (think in your eyes) and worked to understand.

Jerome Bruner

1915 - 2016

He was American psychologist.
Bruner distinguishes two processes related to the categorization:
Concept Formation (to learn the different concepts), and Concept Attainment (to identify the properties that determine a category).
Bruner argues that people from 0 to 14 years is given more often the formation process of the Concept Concept attainment, while the Concept attainment is more common than the Concept formation after 15 years

David Ausumel

1918 - 2008

He studied in Columbia, He was studied psychology development.
Ausubel distinguishes two types of learning that can occur in the classroom:
Which refers to the way in which knowledge is acquired.
The on how knowledge is subsequently incorporated into the structure of knowledge or cognitive structure of the learner.

Albert Bandura


Creator of social learning theory focuses on the concepts of reinforcement and observation.
this observation and imitation is given by models, such as parents, teachers, etc.

Lawrence Kohlberg

1927 - 1987

He was American psychologist.
Kohlberg considers essential to understand the structure of reasoning addressing the problems of moral character. Her research focuses not on specific values but in moral reasoning, ie the reasons that people have to choose one or another action. They are the formal aspects of moral thought the interest to Kohlberg.

Noam Chomsky


A universal grammar consists of a very simple formalized guidelines that are common to all the grammars of all natural languages. It is based on what he calls "principles and parameters". The principles are valid formal rules for any natural language.
natural languages differ in values taking certain parameters.

Joseph D. Novak


He is an American educator, professor emeritus at Cornell University and senior research scientist at the Institute for Human and Machine Cognition Florida (IHMC). He is known for his development of the theory of conceptual map in the 1970s.
The aim of Novak is to achieve meaningful learning, ie learning that enables students to take charge of their future creatively and constructively
In his theory proposes that construct meaning implies thinking, feeling and acting and that these aspects must be integrated to build a meaningful learning different, above all, to create new knowledge.

David Rumelhart

1942 - 2011

He was an American psychologist who made many contributions to the formal analysis of human cognition, working primarily within the frameworks of mathematical psychology, symbolic artificial intelligence, and parallel distributed processing. Rumelhart's models of semantic cognition and specific knowledge in a diversity of learned domains using initially non-hierarchical neuron-like processing units continue to interest scientists in the fields of artificial intelligence, anthropology, information science, and decision science.

Cesar Coll


Coll describes the 4 main forms of constructivism.
The notion of accommodation is also built as new schemes that form on the subject by the actions he performs are not given by the above schemes, if not for the equilibration occurs between the above schemes and new schemes in the same subject .