Battle of Badung Strait (naval battle between Bali and Lombok): small Japanese force drives back Dutch and Australians. Japanese land on Bali. First Japanese air raid on Darwin, Australia.
Battle of Java Sea
February 27, 1942 - March 1, 1942
Battle of Java Sea: Japanese destroy much of the Dutch and Australian naval forces near Surabaya. American destroyers escape to Australia. Dutch Admiral Doorman is killed.
PUTERA is formed
March 9, 1943
PUTERA is formed (Pusat Tenaga Rakyat, a political auxiliary organization). Sukarno is named chairman. Hatta and Ki Hadjar Dewantoro are members.
US bombers from Australia hit Balikpapan
August 13, 1943
BPUPKI is formed
March 1, 1944
Badan Penyelidik Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (BPUPKI), a committee to prepare for Indonesian Independence. Members include Sukarno, Hatta, Wahid Hasyim, many others. Chairman is Dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat.
The birth of Pancasila
June 1, 1945
Sukarno describes "Pancasila" doctrine in speech to the BPUPKI independence committee
Indonesia declares Independence
Augustus 17, 1945
Sukarno reads the brief, succinct, and unilateral "Proklamasi"; the Declaration of Independence
Sjahrir is installed as first Prime Minister of Indonesia
November 14, 1945
First rupiah banknotes are issued by the Republic
Battle of Marga
November 20, 1946
Battle of Marga: resistance on Bali led by Ngurah Rai is defeated by Dutch forces.