Timeline of the Crusades

Events

The People's Crusade, "First".

1095 - 1099

Freeing the Holy Lands. 1st Crusade led by Count Raymond IV of Toulouse and proclaimed by many wandering preachers, notably Peter the Hermit

Conguarge

1099

Crusaders from Europe conquered Jerusalem, slaughtering Muslims, Jews and eastern Orthodox Christians alike.

The Second Crusade

1144 - 1155

The Second of the Crusades led by Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III and by King Louis VII of France. Failure.

The Third Crusade

1187 - 1192

The Third of the Crusades led by Richard the Lionheart of England, Philip II of France, and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I. Richard I made a truce with Saladin. Failure.

The Fourth Crusade

1202 - 1204

The Fourth Crusade led by Fulk of Neuil French/Flemish advanced on Constantinople

The Children's Crusade

1212

The Children's Crusade led by a French peasant boy, Stephen of Cloyes

The Fifth Crusade

1217 - 1221

The Fifth of the Crusades led by King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, John of Brienne. Failure.

The Sixth Crusade

1228 - 1229

The Sixth of the Crusades led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II. Failure.

The Seventh Cursade

1248 - 1252

The Seventh of the Crusades led by Louis IX of France

Popes Decisions

1252

Pope Innocent IV sanctioned the use of torture to extract truth from suspects brought before the Inquis

The Eight Crusade

1270

The Eighth of the Crusades led by Louis IX of France

The Ninth Crusade

1271 - 1272

The Ninth of the Crusades led by Prince Edward (later Edward I of England)