Mesopotamian sailors invent sails.
Ancient Egyptians make the first boats from wooden planks.
Minoans and Mycenaeans become the first great ocean navigators, exploring the Mediterranean Sea.
Vikings invent clinker building.
The central rudder starts to replace the "steerboard."
Cornelis Drebble builds the first submarine from wood.
First iron-hulled boat is built (in England).
Marquis D'Abbans (1751-1832) builds the first steamboat.
Modern propellers are invented (independently) by Francis Pettit Smith (1808-1874) and John Ericsson (1803-1889).
A "practically unsinkable" luxury liner called Titanic secures a place in history as the most famous ocean catastrophe of all time when it hits an iceberg and sinks, killing of over 1500 people.
Germans develop the snorkel, a breathing tube that allows diesel engines in submarines to operate underwater, reducing the risk of detection.
Marine gas turbine engines are used for the first time.