Egyptian writing system, symbols meant to teach
Age of the Pyramids
Pharaohs made steady government
Huge Pyramids for tombs for the dead
controlled a large network of government officials
very strict on the villages food supply
his pyramid contained 200 million blocks
Kush was the leader of his village then he took over his village and named it after him.
Period of Reunification
Years of Chaos
Many achievements for literature and art
He had many temples, shrines, and religious monuments
The White Chapel, and the White Stone
Egypt's Golden Age
Lots of peace and stability
Pharaohs increased trade
Made great monuments
He ruled for over 60 years
First Pharaoh to make a peace treaty
850 BC Kush regained strength. Around 751 BC he had conquered upper Egypt.
Located in modern day southern eastern Mauritania
Grew rich in gold and salt
Major part of the city was called El-Ghaba
They collapsed due to invasion and overgrazing.
Located in West Africa of the Mandinka
By the beginning of the 14th century, Mali was the source of almost half of the Old World's gold from mines
The Mali empire was able to protect it power throughout its own extensive domain and beyond
He added Timbuktu to their trade route
Religion was very important to him.
He introduced his empire to the Islamic world.
After Mansa Musa died his son took over the empire and was a very weak ruler. Raiders came and he couldn't stop them. Mali never recovered.
Located in Western Africa
they were independent in the gold fields
upper classes converted to Islam and lower classes continued to follow traditional religions
Morocco wanted to gain control over Songhai. They sent armies. The warriors of Songhai didn't stand a chance.
a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics