Early Civilizations



3300 B.C.E

Egyptian writing system.

Old Kingdom

2700 B.C.E - 2200 B.C.E

The Old Kingdom lasted from about 2700 to 2200 B.C.E. During this time, early pharaohs set up a strong central government. They also had great pyramids and tombs.


2552 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E

Khufu was the builder of a famous pyrimad. He ruled from 2551 to 2528 B.C.E and was a nice person that just gets things done.

Kingdom of Kush

2000 B.C.E - 1500 B.C.E

Middle Kingdom

2000 B.C.E - 1800 B.C.E

The Middle Kingdom (about 2000 to 1800 B.C.E.) is sometimes called the Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity. Egyptians enjoyed great achievements in art.


1971 B.C.E - 1926 B.C.E

Senusrets greatest achievement was the white chapel he built.

Rosetta Stone

1799 B.C.E

New Kingdom

1600 B.C.E - 1100 B.C.E

The New Kingdom (about 1600 to 1100 B.C.E.) is often called Egypt’s Golden Age.During this time pharaohs increased trade and had huge monuments built.


1473 B.C.E - 1458 B.C.E

Hatshepsut was Egypts first female pharaoh. She had many great accomplishments. One of her greatest was her rise to power , she demanded the same respect as male rulers, that is what made her rule unique.

Ramses ii

1290 B.C.E - 1224 B.C.E

A pharaoh named Ramses ii ruled from 1290 to 1224 B.C.E which is more than 60 years. He is best known for his military leadership and building numerous monuments. He had over 100 wives and 100 children. His mummy is one of the best preserved.

Kush Conquers Egypt

751 B.C.E

First Historical records of Kush

700 B.C.E

Ghana Empire

830 C.E - 1235 C.E

Ghana is also known as Awkar. Ghana was the title of its ruler. Ghana ended in 1235 C.E

Mali empire

1230 C.E - 1600 C.E

The Mali empire was also referred to as the Manden Kurufaba. It lasted from 1230 C.E to 1600 C.E

Ghana Decline


Mansa Musa's Rule

1312 - 1337

Mali's most famous ruler

Mansu Musa's Pilgrimage to Mecca


Songhai Empire

1340 - 1591

Songhai was a state that dominated in the 15th and 16th century. It was one of the largest states in African History. It lasted from 1340 to 1591

Fall of Mali

1431 - 1500

Fall of Songhai