Early Civilization



Approx. 3100 BC

Old Kingdom

2575 BC - 2134 BC

The old kingdom lasted from about 2700 to 2200 B.C.E. During this time, early pharaohs set up a strong central government. They also had great pyramids built as tombs for themselves. Some historians call this time the Age of the Pyramids.


2551 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E

Khufu ruled from about 2551 to 2528 B.C.E during the old kingdom period. Khufu had great accomplishments . Khufu and other old kingdom Pharaohs had magnificent pyramids built as tombs for themselves and their families .Khufu was responsible for the building of the great pyramid at Giza.

Middle Kingdom

2040 BC - 1780 BC

The middle kingdom lasted about 2000 to 1800 B.C.E. It is sometimes called the Period of Reunification because it followed years of chaos and disunity. During this era, Egyptians enjoyed many great achievements in literature, art, and architecture.


1971 B.C.E - 1926 B.C.E

Senusret ruled from

New kingdom (Egypt)

1550 BC - 1070 BC

The old kingdom lasted from about 1600 to 1100 B.C.E. it is often called Egypt’s Golden Age. During this time of peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height. Pharaohs increased trade and had huge monuments built.