Early Civilizations



3200 BCE

Egyptian writing system.

old kingdom

2700 bce - 2200 bce

age of the pymaids- this time period was known for pharaohs creating a strong central goverment and prymaids


2551 B.C.E - 2528 B.C.E

Middle Kingdom

2040 BC - 1780 BC

during this era, Egyptians enjoyed many great achievements in literature, art, and architecture.

Kingdom of Kush

2000 BC

over time some farmers became richer and more successful than others. These farmers

Senusret I Rules

1971 BCE - 1926 BCE

His greatest achievement was religous reasons

New kingdom

1550 BC - 1070 BC

peace and stability, ancient Egypt’s power reached its height. Pharaohs increased trade and had huge monuments built.


1473 bc - 1458 bc

hatshepsut greatest achievement was her rise to power

Rosetta Stone

196 BC

a huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics

Songhai Empire

800 C.E

The Songhai state has existed in one form or another for over a thousand years if one traces its rulers from the first settlement in Gao to its semi-vassal status under the Mali Empire through its continuation in Niger as the Dendi Kingdom.


830 - 1235

The Empire grew rich from the trans-Saharan trade in gold and salt. This trade produced an increasing surplus, allowing for larger urban centers. It also encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over the lucrative trade routes.


1230 - 1600

The empire was founded by Sundiata Keita and became renowned for the wealth of its rulers, especially Mansa Musa I. The Mali Empire had many profound cultural influences on West Africa, allowing the spread of its language, laws and customs along the Niger River. It extended over a large area and consisted of numerous vassal kingdoms and provinces