China

Events

First wave civilizations

3500 bc - 500 bc
  • Xia dynasty 2070-1600 B.C.E. a monarchy
  • Shang Dynasty 1600-1046 B.C.E. enlarged China
  • Zhou 1040-771 B.C.E.

Xia Dynasty

2070 BC - 1600 BC
  • Monarchy
  • Organized public works suck as flood control projects
  • Lead first Chinese civilization

Shang Dynasty

1600 bc - 1040 bc
  • Developed a calendar system.
  • Implemented Gods to be a large art of their religion

Zhou Dynasty

1045 bc - 256 bc
  • The Mandate of Heaven Took root.
  • 8th Century B.C.E. Zhou dynasty weakened

Mandate of Heaven

1000 bc
  • Chinese said that they encompass "all under heaven"
  • The Chinese kings " Son('s) of heaven" governed by The Mandate Of Heven

Daoism

600 b.c - 501 bc
  • The opposite of Confucianism.
  • Worshiped many gods

Confucius

551 bce - 479 bce
  • The Religion Confucianism formed by Confucius.
  • Confucius wanted social harmony, importance of education,etc

Confucianism

500 bc
  • Social ethic, political ideology, and Scholarly traditions.
  • Created by Confucius.

Second Wave Civilization

500 bc - 500 ce
  • Qin Dynasty (221 - 206 B.C.E.) ruled by Qin Shihuagdi
  • Han Dynasty (206 B.C.E. - 220 Ad) replaced legalism with Confucianism

Laozi

500 bc - 200 bc
  • Formed the religion Daoism
  • Wanted to withdraw from the world in contemplation of nature, end of striving

Age of Warring States

475 bc - 221 bc
  • Zhou Dynasty divided into 8 states.
  • Rulers depend/relied on the legalism philosophy

Legalism

400 BCE - 225 BCE
  • Harsh reunification of Shihuagdi and Qin dynasty
  • Brutality of short dynasty disc leaned legalism

Han Fei

280 bc - 233 bc
  • A legalist
  • Helped with the reunification of China.

The Great Wall of China

259 bc - 210 Bc
  • Built to keep out invasions from barbarians.
  • Constructed by emperor Shi Haung.

Qin Shihuangdi

259 bc - 210 bc
  • Name means "First emperor"
  • Founded the Qin Dynasty

Terracotta Warriors

246 bc - 210 bc
  • life size statues of various warriors sculpted.
  • 6000 figures

Qin Empire

221 BC - 206 BC
  • Ruler at the time was Qin Shihargydi
  • Legalism was a big part
  • Rapidly rising agriculture outputs and geographic population.

Han Dynasty

206 BC - 220 AD
  • Adopted a milder and moralistic confucianism in place of legalism
  • Retained centralized features of Shihangdi

Yellow Turban Rebellion

184 CE - 184 ce
  • A peasant Uprising
  • Occurred because of the rivalry between higher factions